A few moments for the anti-tobacco movement

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Saturday was World No Tobacco Day, and on Friday the Prevention team and the library put together some displays and presentations on the topic.

One of the items we did was a timeline of the anti-tobacco movement.  I’ve recreated that timeline below.  It’s not as pretty as the poster, which you can still see in the library, but it’s still interesting AND has some relevant hyperlinks. 


Moments in the anti-tobacco movement

1604
King James I of England imposes heavy tax on tobacco.  Says that smoking is a , “cutome loathesome to the eye, hateful to the nose, harmful to the brain, dangerous to the lungs…”
 
1610

Sir Francis Bacon writes that tobacco use is increasing and that it is difficult to quit

 

1761

Physician John Hill conducts one of the first clinical studies linking snuff with cancers of the nose

1830s

Anti-tobacco movement starts in US as an adjunct to the Temperance movement

1856

A debate about the health effects of tobacco begins in the medical journal, The Lancet


1868

UK parliament passes bill to mandate smoke-free carriages on trains


1912

Dr I. Adler suggests strong connection between smoking and lung cancer

1930

Researchers in Germany make statistical correlation between smoking and lung cancer

1930s-40s

Nazi party engages in large scale public health campaign against smoking. Measures include—posters and advertisements of health dangers,  messages in workplaces, health education sessions, medical lectures on quitting, restriction on sales, and restrictions on the places people could smoke


1947
43% increase on tax on cigarettes in the UK results in 14% drop in use by British men


1951

First large-scale epidemiological study of the relationship between smoking and lung cancer.  Found 99.5% of 1,357 patients with lung cancer were smokers

1953

Dr E L Wynder publishes landmark report suggesting biological link between smoking and cancer.  Research involved painting cigarette tar on the backs of mice.

1962

Well publicised report by the Royal College of Physicians, “Smoking and Health”.  Recommendations include: the restriction of advertising, increased taxation, restrictions on smoking in public, and more information on tar and nicotine content

1970

Director-General of the World Health Organisation presents report on “The Limitation of Smoking”.  Call for an end to cigarette advertising and promotion

Closer to home…


1973

Direct radio and television advertising begins to be phased out in Australia. 

Health warnings on cigarette packs.

 

1990

Cigarette advertising banned in locally produced newspapers and magazines.

1995

Most forms of tobacco sponsorship phased out, except for international events

1996

Billboards, outdoor and illuminated advertising banned

2000

Laws passed removing sponsorship exemptions

2006

Tobacco industry sponsorship completely phased out.  New graphic anti-smoking ads  go to air and on cigarette packages

2007

Indoor smoking laws begin to be introduced

2008

States start banning smoking in cars with children

 

2009

Local councils move to make alfresco areas smoke-free

2010

Smoking inside pubs and clubs banned in every state.  Tobacco excise increased by 25%

2012

Australia first country to introduce plain packaging for all cigarettes
 

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

 

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