HOA LIBRARY


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June PD

You can add to the professional development post by commenting below or emailing the library.

Online resources

Webpage

Queensland Women’s Health Network: Contains information about women’s health and wellbeing

Report

The Queensland Mental Health Commission has released a report titled “Changing Attitudes, Changing Lives: Options to reduce stigma amd discrimination for people experiencing problematic alcohol and other drug use.” The report explores stigma and discrimination faced by people using alcohol or other drugs, recent research in this space and options for reform. The report forms part of the Queensland Government’s Alcohol and other Drugs Action Plan 2015-2017

Read – professional reading

Available from the library database

Gjersing, L., & Bretteville‐Jensen, A. L. (2018). Patterns of substance use and mortality risk in a cohort of ‘hard‐to‐reach’ polysubstance users. Addiction, 113(4), 729-739

Hausheer, R., Doumas, D.M., Esp, S. (2018). Evaluation of a Web-Based Alcohol Program Alone and in Combination With a Parent Campaign for Ninth-Grade Students. Journal of Addictions & Offender Counseling. 39 (1). 15-30.

Mason, M.J., Zaharakis, N.M., Russell, M., Childress, V. (2018). A pilot trial of text-delivered peer network counseling to treat young adults with cannabis use disorder. Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment. 89. 1-10

McNamara, B.J., Banks, E., Gubhaju, L., Joshy, G., Williamson, A., Raphael, B., Eades, S., (2018). Factors relating to high psychological distress in Indigenous Australians and their contribution to Indigenous–non-Indigenous disparities. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health. 42 (2). 145-152.

Moreland, A.D., McRae-Clark, A. (2018).Parenting outcomes of parenting interventions in integrated substance-use treatment programs: A systematic review.  Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment. 89. 52-59

Waaktaar, T., Kan, K., & Torgersen, S. (2018). The genetic and environmental architecture of substance use development from early adolescence into young adulthood: a longitudinal twin study of comorbidity of alcohol, tobacco and illicit drug use. Addiction, 113(4), 740-748.

Open Access Articles

Darke S, Kaye S, Duflou J, Lappin J. (2018). Completed Suicide Among Methamphetamine Users: A National Study. Suicide Life Threat Behaviour. doi: 10.1111/sltb.12442

Dolan, K., Sacha-Krol, D., and Vumbaca, G. (2017). A needs analysis for people living with HCV after leaving custodial settings in Australia. Australian Injecting and Illicit Drug Users League: Canberra.

Nasstasia, Y., Baker, A. L., Halpin, S. A., Hides, L., Lewin, T. J., Kelly, B. J., & Callister, R. (2018). Evaluating the efficacy of an integrated motivational interviewing and multi-modal exercise intervention for youth with major depression: Healthy Body, Healthy Mind randomised controlled trial protocol. Contemporary Clinical Trials Communications, 9, 13-22.

Rivera, B. (2018). Factors Affecting Adult Survivors of Childhood Sexual Abuse and Interventions Designed to Address the Problem: A Systematic Literature Review (Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Los Angeles).

 Open access online journal

Contemporary Clinical Trials Communications contains some relevant research

Open access textbooks

ANU Press has several Open Access textbooks in its catalogue

Useful resources

20 medications you should avoid with alcohol

Moderate drinking factsheets

SMART Recovery Australia worksheets

Youth AOD Toolbox: provides practitioners in the youth alchohol + other drugs field with reliable and current information to help to increase their knowledge and enrich their practice.

Study on alcohol use: Young Australian’s Alcohol Reporting System (YAARS)

e-Book of the month

Palmer, A., Kunreuther, E., & Attwood, T. (2017). Drinking, Drug Use, and Addiction in the Autism Community. London: Jessica Kingsley Publishers.

What is the connection between autism and addiction? Why are individuals with autism more likely to develop a substance use disorder than the general population? Until recently, substance use disorder (SUD) was considered rare among those with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). This book brings together current research and personal accounts from individuals with autism and their supports. It explores why addiction is more common among individuals with ASD and investigates how addiction and autism affect one another. The authors also provide strategies for supporting people with both ASD and SUD (copied from EBSCO database)

Free to download for all HOA staff from the library catalogue on work computers

Attend – informal learning sessions, journal club, seminar series

Insight Queensland

Free training sessions  including:

AOD Crash Course: One day introduction to AOD

AOD Relapse Prevention & Management

Introduction to withdrawal management

Harm reduction 101

Cairns

More regional sessions coming soon

Online induction modules are a prerequisite to some of the courses. To access and download them visit www.insightqld.org

Other providers

Free e-module for everyone working with people with personality disorders (including addiction), to enhance an attitude of holding people responsible for their actions, without blaming them for their failures.

eMHPrac provides free e-mental health training and support for health practitioners – GPs, Allied Health Professionals, and service providers working with Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people.

Attend – conferences 

NADA: Exploring therepeutic interventions.

7-8 June at Sydney

Program

Costs $265-440 for full conference. Register here

Write – presentations and papers

Australian Social Work: Call for articles for a special issue on working with involuntary clients. Relevant papers would address: work with involuntary clients in the range of fields referred to above; strategies for working with the involuntary, mandated, non-voluntary or resistant clients in a variety of settings; the dynamics of working with this population; the importance of building relationships; problem solving with involuntary clients; challenging involuntary clients; practice skills specific to these groups.Authors may submit an original article (4000–6000 words), or a Practice, Policy, and Perspectives article (1500–4000 words). For guidance on how to submit, please see www.tandfonline.com/rasw and the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (APA), 6th Edition. All manuscripts should be submitted via Scholar One Manuscripts: http://mc.manuscriptcentral.com/rasw, no later than 30 May 2019. Authors are encouraged to contact the Guest Editors to discuss their intended submissions.

Listen – podcasts, webinars

Transgender health podcast

Duration: 52 minutes

  • terminology and gender identity
  • New Zealand population stats
  • experiencing concerning health and wellbeing disparity
  • myths and stereotypes
  • has the concept of transgender been over medicalised?
  • specific health issues that transgender people face at different stages of life
  • how do we make our practices transgender friendly?
  • New transgender pathway.

Living with FASD: Radio National’s Life Matters program recently featured an episode titled “Living with FASD”. The radio program features an interview with Anne Russell, whose son has FASD. Anne describes how FASD impacts her son, and some of the challenges of getting appropriate diagnosis and support. The show also features Dr Doug Shelton, a paediatrician who specialises in FASD, who talks about some of the impacts of FASD, and the approaches to better recognising and managing FASD.

Insight Webinars

6th June, 10:00-11:00

Working with people with personality disorders: This presentation will focus upon the challenges of working with clients with personality disorders, offering practical strategies for engagement, management and treatment.

13th June, 10:00-11:00

“Coming to terms”: promoting AOD literacy: Health literacy refers to how people understand information about health and healthcare and use this to make decisions about their care. “Coming to Terms” explores the use of clinical language by health professionals in the AOD sector and how interpretation and comprehension can impact upon healthcare outcomes for our clients.

Assessed learning – short courses, certificates, diplomas, bachelors, post-grad

Lighthouse resources

The absurd word: using writing in counselling

Learn and practice the use of writing, words, word games, poetry and literature in your counselling and support work with clients.  This experiential workshop will guide you through several writing based activities and techniques that can enhance your work with people who experience various concerns and challenges in their mental health and wellbeing and family life.

19th June, 9:30-16:30, cost $220

Brick walls and tangled wool: making counselling comfortable when it is uncomfortable

Providing support or counselling to a person or family is a key role played by human services workers. For those accessing support, engaging in and receiving such support can be extremely uncomfortable and daunting. Human beings, through life and through traumatic experiences, develop coping mechanisms and ways of relating to people that can present as a barrier to the support we offer. This workshop will challenge you to think of these mechanisms as not barriers but normal human behaviours – this workshop will focus on ways to work with not against these behaviours in a way that makes change possible. You will also engage in a group reflection and supervision session to unpack barriers in real life situations you are currently experiencing.

26th June, 9:00-16:30, cost $220

Workshops Venue: Lighthouse Resources Upstairs Training Room, Kyabra Street RUNCORN, QLD. 4113

Registration/more information

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Annotated bibliography: Screen time and its impact on young people’s mental health.

 

Babic, M. J., Morgan, P. J., Plotnikoff, R. C., Lonsdale, C., & Eather, N. (2015). Skinner, Geoff; Baker, Amanda L.; Pollock, Emma; Lubans, David R. “Rationale and study protocol for ‘Switch-off 4 Healthy Minds'(S4HM): a cluster randomized controlled trial to reduce recreational screen time in adolescents”. Originally published in Contemporary Clinical Trials Vol. 40, p. 150-158 (2015). Clinical Trials, 40, 150-158.

This paper describes a school-based strategy trialled in New South Wales to reduce screen time for adolescents in response to the known adverse effects high screen time can have on their mental and physical health. It uses self-determination theory and involves educating both the adolescent and their parents. Prompts were sent to the young via the social media platform of their choice and newsletters were sent to parents to raise awareness of screen time and its dangers. There wasn’t much detail in the paper about the interventions that would be employed in implementing the strategy.

Chassiakos, Y. L. R., Radesky, J., Christakis, D., Moreno, M. A., & Cross, C. (2016). Children and adolescents and digital media. Pediatrics, 138(5), e20162593.

This report provides a summary of the benefits and risks of childhood exposure to digital media. Social media can have beneficial effects to the mental health of LGBTIQ teenagers if they use it to engage with supportive communities. Similarly, individuals with mental illness may also benefit when using social media to share stories with others experiencing similar challenges. However, this can also leave them open to exposure, misinformation, negativity and hostility. Examples of digital media which may have adverse effects on the mental health of young people are pro-anorexia sites. Exposure to risky behaviour in media has been proven to increase teenage uptake of the behaviour and this exposure can be difficult to police on digital devices by parents. Social media has been shown to have both positive and negative effects on young people’s mental health. Used in moderation it can enhance their feelings of social connectedness. Passive use of social media or following attractive celebrities can increase depression and lower self-esteem, whereas engaging actively with family and friends has the opposite effect.

Gunnell, K. E., Flament, M. F., Buchholz, A., Henderson, K. A., Obeid, N., Schubert, N., & Goldfield, G. S. (2016). Examining the bidirectional relationship between physical activity, screen time, and symptoms of anxiety and depression over time during adolescence. Preventive Medicine, 88, 147-152.

This study was performed to establish relationships between low levels of physical activity, high screen time, depression and anxiety in adolescents. It took place over 11 years and took the form of four time specific questionnaires covering the ages from 10-21 years old (n= 1160, mean age = 13.54 years).  The results were controlled for variables such as gender, ethnicity, location and educational level of parents. A decrease in physical activity and increase in screen time, depression and anxiety over time was observed. Initial high anxiety was associated with higher screen time and lower physical activity independent of symptoms of depression. Higher initial levels of depression were also associated with higher screen time and predicted greater decreases in physical activity over time.  Limitations include the data collected was self-reported, type of screen time and type of physical activity was not identified and there was a high rate of attrition.

Hoare, E., Milton, K., Foster, C., & Allender, S. (2016). The associations between sedentary behaviour and mental health among adolescents: a systematic review. International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity, 13(1), 108.

This systematic review examined 32 papers, all of which reported the use of screen time for leisure amongst adolescents and two thirds identified depressive symptoms. Adolescence is a significant risk period for the development of mental health disorders and it is also a period when lifestyle behaviours are developed which can impact on mental health into adulthood. Depressive symptoms and length of  screen time for leisure use were consistently linked in the evidence. There was moderate evidence for an association between length of screen time and low self-esteem. More than 2-3 hours of screen time per day in adolescents is linked to poorer mental health status. It identified that the link may be in part due to the sedentary nature of screen time, as physical activity has been found to have a positive effect on mental health. Adolescents with poor mental health may lack motivation to exercise and instead opt for screen based activities. Young people who lead sedentary lifestyles are more likely to suffer from obesity, which can lead to stigmatisation and bullying resulting in adverse effects on their mental health.

Maras, D., Flament, M. F., Murray, M., Buchholz, A., Henderson, K. A., Obeid, N., & Goldfield, G. S. (2015). Screen time is associated with depression and anxiety in Canadian youth. Preventive Medicine, 73, 133-138.

Increased screen time has been linked to low physical activity and obesity in youth, factors that have been linked to an increase in depression and anxiety. The study aimed to examine the relationship between length of screen time and anxiety and depression in young people using a large community sample of Canadian adolescents (n=2482). They found that depression was associated with any type of screen behaviour except watching the TV, whereas anxiety was only associated with gaming. This is consistent with other large-scale studies including studies from the USA and Australia. They offer several explanations for this including social isolation and cyberbullying.  A limitation of the study was that they couldn’t conclude whether it was increased screen time that caused the depression and anxiety or whether the opposite was true that people with depression and anxiety spent more time on their electronic devices.

Przybylski, A. K., & Weinstein, N. (2017). A large-scale test of the Goldilocks Hypothesis: Quantifying the relations between digital-screen use and the mental well-being of adolescents. Psychological Science, 28(2), 204-215.

This study tested the Goldilocks Hypothesis for screen time in adolescents to try and ascertain the optimum amount of screen time that would benefit development without adversely affecting mental health. They studied 120115 British adolescents. They found the relationship between screen time and mental health was non-linear and a moderate time spent on screens was not harmful and may even have positive effects on wellbeing. There were differences in effect depending on the screen type, the type of activity, the day or time used and the level of engagement in the activity. They recommend studying the functionality of screen time against other daily pursuits in order to get a fuller understanding. Overall they concluded that moderate technology use was not intrinsically harmful and may prove beneficial in an increasingly digital world.

Saquib, N., Saquib, J., Wahid, A., Ahmed, A. A., Dhuhayr, H. E., Zaghloul, M. S., … & Al-Mazrou, A. (2017). Video game addiction and psychological distress among expatriate adolescents in Saudi Arabia. Addictive Behaviors Reports, 6, 112-117.

This study was conducted using a self-reported survey distributed to 276 students in expatriate schools in Saudi Arabia. The researchers use DSM-V criteria to diagnosed video game addiction and it was compared with other variables including screen time and psychological distress. The mean age of the participants was 15.3 years and nearly 75% reported screen time greater than 2 hours and 20% reported sleeping less than 5 hours a night. Those addicted to video games encompassed 15.8% of the sample and they were more likely to be boys, have higher screen time and less sleep. Addiction to video games was strongly related to psychological distress, as was screen time greater than 2 hours a day.  Psychological distress was also related to gender, with girls being more likely to experience it and inversely to sleep patterns. This study didn’t find any link between physical activity or BMI and psychological distress. The study concludes that screen time has an independent association with psychological distress even when other variables are taken into consideration.

Straatmann, V. S., Oliveira, A. J., Rostila, M., & Lopes, C. S. (2016). Changes in physical activity and screen time related to psychological well-being in early adolescence: findings from longitudinal study ELANA. BMC Public Health, 16(1), 977.

In this study, data was analysed from 526 adolescents in Brazil, assessing physical activity, screen time and psychological distress using a questionnaire. Psychological distress was associated with exceeding the recommended screen time of 4 hours per day in girls, although they questioned whether there was a negative causality impacting on this that is the psychological distress caused them to withdraw and spend more time on screen based activities. For boys, psychological distress was associated with a reduction in physical activity in this study. The study was limited in that the data collected was self-reported.

Trinh, L., Wong, B., & Faulkner, G. E. (2015). The independent and interactive associations of screen time and physical activity on mental health, school connectedness and academic achievement among a population-based sample of youth. Journal of the Canadian Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 24(1), 17.

The study aimed to establish the effects high screen time and physical activity had independently and together on the mental health of young people. Data was collected from 2660 adolescents using a survey. It found that high screen time is consistently associated with poorer mental health independent of the amount of physical activity. However, there may be reverse causality where depressed youth seek social isolation or comfort in their digital devices. The study also found that high screen time was associated with low self-esteem, which did not improve with physical activity.  Higher screen time was associated with lower physical activity. It concluded that screen time and physical activity had both independent and interactive effects on the mental health of young people. A limitation in the study was that the data was self-reported.

Twenge, J. M., Joiner, T. E., Rogers, M. L., & Martin, G. N. (2017). Increases in depressive symptoms, suicide-related outcomes, and suicide rates among US adolescents after 2010 and links to increased new media screen time. Clinical Psychological Science, 2167702617723376.

There was an increase in teenage depression and suicide in the USA between 2010 and 2015, which corresponded with the increased use of smartphones and other digital devices. This study analysed the data from two national surveys of high school students in the USA to establish if there was a link between screen time and depression and suicide.  There were 388275 respondents to the surveys, who completed them retrospectively. The study found a positive correlation between screen time and depression and suicide especially amongst females. No significant variation occurred in other variables such as socioeconomic status. Exercise and face-to-face social interaction negatively correlated with depression and suicide, but increased screen time was often associated with low physical activity and social interaction. Lack of sleep has also been identified in other studies as being linked to increased screen time and as a risk factor for depression and suicide. The study was unable to establish if screen time was the sole cause of increased incidence of depression and suicide, the joint cause or if the cause was one of the other factors. Another limitation was the surveys were completed retrospectively rather than in real time, which may have affected the answers given.

Wu, X., Tao, S., Zhang, Y., Zhang, S., & Tao, F. (2015). Low physical activity and high screen time can increase the risks of mental health problems and poor sleep quality among Chinese college students. PLoS One, 10(3), e0119607.

High screen time and low physical activity have been shown to interact to cause psychological problems. The study has suggested that high screen time is associated with a higher incidence of depression, anxiety, psychopathological symptoms and poor sleep quality. It is also associated with reduced physical activity. Physical activity has been shown to reduce symptoms of depression, anxiety and other mental health problems. The results of this study suggest that high screen time and low physical activity both increase psychological stress independently and synergistically. A limitation of the study is that it assessed self-reported symptoms and not clinically diagnosed disorders.

Wu, X., Tao, S., Zhang, S., Zhang, Y., Chen, K., Yang, Y., … & Tao, F. (2016). Impact of screen time on mental health problems progression in youth: a 1-year follow-up study. BMJ Open, 6(11), e011533.

This study examined the association between screen time and mental health in a group of Chinese university students (n=2521, mean age=18.43 years). Nearly all of the participants reported screen time of more than 2 hours per day. They found consistent associations with screen time and anxiety, depression or other psychopathology. The associations also remained after adjustments for other variables. Due to the small effects size it is unclear to what degree screen time effects mental health outcomes. The limitations of the study include that the data collected was self-reported and it doesn’t differentiate between different screen uses.


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May PD

You can add to the professional development post by commenting below or emailing the library.

Online resources

Read – professional reading

Available from the library database

Geerlings, L. R., Thompson, C. L., Bouma, R., & Hawkins, R. (2018). Cultural Competence in Clinical Psychology Training: A Qualitative Investigation of Student and Academic Experiences. Australian Psychologist, 53(2), 161-170.

Massey, S. H., Newmark, R. L., & Wakschlag, L. S. (2018). Explicating the role of empathic processes in substance use disorders: A conceptual framework and research agenda. Drug And Alcohol Review, 37(3), 316-332.

Rychert, M., Wilkins, C., Parker, K., & Witten, K. (2018). Are government‐approved products containing new psychoactive substances perceived to be safer and more socially acceptable than alcohol, tobacco and illegal drugs? Findings from a survey of police arrestees in New Zealand. Drug And Alcohol Review, 37(3), 406-413.

Torgerson, C. N., Love, H. A., & Vennum, A. (2018). The buffering effect of belonging on the negative association of childhood trauma with adult mental health and risky alcohol use. Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment, 88, 44-50.

Wendt, D. C., & Gone, J. P. (2018). Complexities with group therapy facilitation in substance use disorder specialty treatment settings. Journal Of Substance Abuse Treatment, 88(1), 9-17.

Open Access Articles

Dembo, R., Faber, J., Cristiano, J., Wareham, J., Krupa, J. M., Schmeidler, J., & Terminello, A. (2018). Family Problems, Mental Health and Trauma Experiences of Justice-Involved Youth. Medical Research Archives, 6(1).

Maremmani, A. G., Maiello, M., Carbone, M. G., Pallucchini, A., Brizzi, F., Belcari, I., … & Maremmani, I. (2018). Towards a psychopathology specific to Substance Use Disorder: Should emotional responses to life events be included?. Comprehensive psychiatry, 80, 132-139.

Olney, S. (2018). Should Love Conquer Evidence in Policy‐Making? Challenges in Implementing Random Drug‐Testing of Welfare Recipients in Australia. Australian Journal of Public Administration, 77(1), 114-119.

Rossen, I., Pettigrew, S., Jongenelis, M., Stafford, J., Wakefield, M., and Chikritzhs, T. (2017). Evidence on the nature and extent of alcohol promotion and the consequences for young people’s alcohol consumption. Report prepared for the Mental Health Commission by the WA Cancer Prevention Research Unit, Curtin University School of Psychology and Speech Pathology, Perth, Western Australia.

Wiktorsson, S., Rydberg Sterner, T., Mellqvist Fässberg, M., Skoog, I., Ingeborg Berg, A., Duberstein, P., … & Waern, M. (2018). Few Sex Differences in Hospitalized Suicide Attempters Aged 70 and Above. International journal of environmental research and public health, 15(1), 141.

Open access online journal

NADA Advocate: published 4 times a years raises issues in the NSW non-government AOD sector

Open access textbooks

Lawrence, R.J. (2016). Professional Social Work in Australia

Useful resources

Language does it matter?

Produced by NADA and intended for the AOD sector, this resource provides best practice guidelines on the use of language to empower clients.

Inroads program:

Researchers from UNSW and Macquarie University developed the inroads program for young adults with concerns about their anxiety and drinking.

Over five online modules, the program will help the participant develop new skills to encourage them to think about their use of alcohol and overcome anxiety. They will be encouraged to set goals and stick to their choices. The modules are completed weekly and they will also receive phone/ email support from an experienced psychologist (copied from Inroads website)

Drug and Alcohol Research Connections Newsletter:

A joint publication of the collaborative network of alcohol and other drug research centres; National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre (NDARC) at UNSW; National Drug Research Institute (NDRI) at Curtin University; and National Centre for Education and Training on Addiction (NCETA) at Flinders University

NIDA Notes:

A monthly newsletter about drug abuse research. Articles this month include:

Long term marijuana use is associated with health problems in later life

Stressful experiences affect likelihood of remission of drug dependence, continued drug use and relapse

Substance use disorders are associated with major medical illnesses and mortality risk in a large integrated health care system

e-Book of the month

Karter, E. (2013). Women and Problem Gambling : Therapeutic Insights Into Understanding Addiction and Treatment. New York: Routledge.

Addiction is much misunderstood. Women and addictive gambling even more so, and for many years women have suffered in silence. This book explores how lonely, troubled lives and damaging relationships lead to the trap of problem gambling, the anxiety and chaos whilst locked inside, and then offers realistic hope of a way out. With the significant increase in women gambling problematically, Women and Problem Gambling aims to answer the often asked question who is to blame. The text covers: the role of the gambling industry the role of society women’s relationships with others and themselves what hitting rock bottom truly is. Case studies illustrate how gambling begins as harmless escapism and how stressful and sometimes painful lives, combined with spiralling debts, lead to desperation to avoid thoughts, feelings and the reality of life in chaos. Women can, and do, stop gambling, and the author shares anecdotes from patients, and discusses therapeutic models and practical strategies to demonstrate how this is possible. Women and Problem Gambling is based on the author’s research and theories developed throughout her extensive practice. The insights will be of value to anyone wanting to understand or work with problem gambling in women; from a woman with a problem herself, thorough to family, friends and any healthcare professionals or therapists involved in her care and treatment. (Description from EBSCO)

Free to download for all HOA staff from the library catalogue on work computers

Attend – informal learning sessions, journal club, seminar series

Insight Queensland

Free training sessions at Biala Community Health Centre in Brisbane, unless otherwise specified including:

More information and to register here

Online induction modules are a prerequisite to some of the courses. To access and download them visit http://www.insightqld.org/

 

LGBTIQ+ inclusive practice training for the AOD sector

Attend – conferences 

MyPHN Conference 2018

1-2 September, Mackay Entertainment and Convention Centre

Hosted by North Queensland Primary Health Network, this conference will bring together professionals from many streams to discuss ways to work together to improve services and outcomes

Registration $200-225

The Walk on the Wild Side (WOWS) Symposium is a one day annual convention held for people working in the AOD sector

11 May 2018, Royal Brisbane and Women’s Hospital.

Registration: $100-150

Write – presentations and papers

MyPHN Conference

Research findings and innovative new ideas which can inform policy, directly influence practice, inspire future research, health reform and add to the Primary Health Care (PHC) evidence base. As a contribution to fostering this impact, the Call for Abstracts asks authors to consider the contribution their work makes to policy, practice and/or research.

You can submit an abstract for the following:

• 15 minute concurrent poster presentation (10 minute presentation/5 minute Q&A)

• 20 minute concurrent plenary session

The Program Committee invites authors to submit abstracts for presentation within the program of MyPHN 2018. Submissions are sought for oral and poster presentations and can be made via the Abstract Submission Portal.

All abstracts must follow the abstract template and be submitted online by 14 June 2018. Please note that the closing date for abstract submissions will not be extended. (copied from MyPHN)

Listen – podcasts, webinars

Managing the physical health of people with co-occurring mental and substance use disorders

Insight webinars:

All at 10:00 AEST

Insight presentation recordings available now on YouTube

Assessed learning – short courses, certificates, diplomas, bachelors, post-grad

Electronic tools for use in the continuum of care for patients with addictions

This is a self-paced online course (registration with IRETA required but is free) about the use of technology throughout the continuum of care for patients with addiction. The five sections will introduce you to five different electronic tools that can be used in prevention, treatment, and aftercare.

Through this training, discover new ways to screen for drug and alcohol use, learn how technology can support cognitive behavioural therapy, and become familiar with other relevant substance use research. (copied from IRETA website)

National comorbidity guidelines free online training and website

The training program consists of 10 training modules that can be completed in any order. Registrants can choose which modules to engage in based on interest and experience. Those wishing to receive a certificate of completion must complete all modules (in any order) and successfully complete all quizzes.

At the end of each module, registrants will be presented with a quiz. All questions must be answered correctly before the module is completed, but there is no limit to how many times the quiz can be taken. Incorrect answers will refer participants to relevant sections of the Guidelines website.

At the completion of all modules, training participants will receive a certificate of completion


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Annotated bibilography: Cognitive Behavioural Therapy

Curran, G. M., Woo, S. M., Hepner, K. A., Lai, W. P., Kramer, T. L., Drummond, K. L., & Weingardt, K. (2015). Training Substance Use Disorder Counselors in Cognitive Behavioral Therapy for Depression: Development and Initial Exploration of an Online Training Program. Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment, 58(1), 33-42.
The authors of this paper state that evidence-based psychotherapies (EBP) are underutilised and that to combat this models for training in EBP are necessary. These need to be cost-effective, minimally disruptive and flexible, which led them to consider internet technology as a potential platform for delivery. They developed an online training package for the Building Recovery by Improving Goals, Habits and Thoughts (BRIGHT) program, which is based on cognitive behaviour therapy (CBT). This was a sixteen session group depression treatment for people with substance use disorders (SUD). They explored the possibility of delivering the BRIGHT training to counsellors online rather than in a face-to-face program. Eight volunteer counsellors across seven Veterans’ Affairs SUD programs completed the training. A lack of protected time for the counsellors to do the training was the largest barrier. Many had to do it in their own time or in breaks between clients and found it frustrating and fragmented. Those who completed the training found it a positive and useful experience. A limitation in this study is the small and specific sample size.

Delgadillo, J., Gore, S., Ali, S., Ekers, D., Gilbody, S., Gilchrist, G., & … Hughes, E. (2015). Feasibility Randomized Controlled Trial of Cognitive and Behavioral Interventions for Depression Symptoms in Patients Accessing Drug and Alcohol Treatment. Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment, 55(1), 6-14.

Depression and frequent alcohol and drug use often co-exist prompting this study, which conducted a trial to examine the practicality of screening, recruitment, randomisation and engagement of drug and alcohol users for psychological interventions to treat depressive symptoms The participants (n=50) were all involved in community drugs and alcohol treatment (CDAT). They were then randomly assigned to behavioural intervention delivered by psychologists (n=23) or CBT based self-help introduced by CDAT workers (n=27). Recruitment and retention rates, along with changes in depressive symptoms and changes in days abstinent were measured at the 24 week follow up. The fifty participants were recruited from a pool of approximately 200 individuals and the randomisation produced comparable groups. Seventy-eight percent of the participants were present at the 24 week follow up point. The engagement rate for the participants who received psychological interventions was low with only 42% attending at least one session and there was no significant difference in engagement between the two groups. However, those from both groups who engaged with treatment did have moderate improvements in depressive symptoms. Co-existence of alcohol and drug services and mental health services does appear to improve engagement with treatment. A limitation was the high attrition rate, which was more likely in those with polysubstance use.

Epstein, E. E., McCrady, B. S., Hallgren, K. A., Gaba, A., Cook, S., Jensen, N., & … Litt, M. D. (2018). Individual versus group female-specific cognitive behavior therapy for alcohol use disorder. Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment, 88(1), 27-43.

This study aimed to test group-based female-specific CBT (G-FS-CBT) for women with alcohol use disorder (AUD) against an individual female-specific CBT (I-FS-CBT). The authors wanted to describe the development of G-FS-CBT. They also aimed to examine its content, feasibility, acceptability, group process, participant engagement and treatment outcomes. The study was a randomised controlled trial in which 155 women with AUD were randomly assigned to twelve manual guided sessions of G-FS-CBT or I-FS-CBT. Of the participants, 138 women attended at least one session. Women who were assigned into the G-FS-CBT group attended less sessions than those assigned the I-FS-CBT group. Engagement rate was rated as high in both groups by independent assessors and women in both groups reported high satisfaction with their treatment. During the first six weeks of treatment, participants in both groups significantly reduced their percent drinking days and percent heavy drinking days by equivalent amounts, which they maintained during treatment and at the twelve month follow up. They all also reported significant improvement in treatment outcomes including depression, self-efficacy, anxiety and abstinence. They concluded that the study offered support for G-FS-CBT as a treatment for women with AUD, offering single gender community support, programmed specifically for women. A limitation in the study was the limited demographics in the group being studied, although it was felt that as the program was a tailored one, it could be adapted for different age groups and different socio-economic groups.

Haller, M., Norman, S. B., Cummins, K., Trim, R. S., Xu, X., Cui, R., & … Tate, S. R. (2016). Integrated Cognitive Behavioral Therapy Versus Cognitive Processing Therapy for Adults With Depression, Substance Use Disorder, and Trauma. Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment, 62(1), 38-48.

Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), depression and SUD are often comorbid conditions suffered by veterans. Research has previously indicated that veterans who had comorbidity of these three conditions did not maintain treatment gains from CBT as well as those with depression and SUD but not PTSD. The aim of this study was to investigate if adding trauma-focused treatment after an initial group-based integrated CBT for SUD and depression resulted in improved treatment outcomes. They recruited 123 veterans (89% male) from a single healthcare system to participate in the study. They all received integrated CBT sessions twice a week for 12 weeks (Phase 1). They were then randomly allocated to receive 12 individual follow-up sessions (Phase 2) using either integrated CBT or cognitive processing therapy modified to include SUD treatment (CPT-M). PTSD and depressive symptoms improved slightly at the end of Phase 1 and improved further during Phase 2, except for those without PTSD who received CPT-M. These improvements were maintained one year later. Substance use significantly improved by the end of Phase 1 and was maintained throughout Phase 2 and at one year follow-up. Similar levels of symptom improvement were seen in participants in the trauma-focused Phase 2 treatment (CPT-M) as those in the non-trauma focused treatment (integrated CBT), but there was a slight advantage of CPT-M over integrated CBT in heavy drinking outcomes for participants with PTSD. They concluded that generally group integrated CBT followed by either individual integrated CBT or CPT-M seemed to be effective for veterans with depression, SUD and PTSD. An important limitation of the study was that the participants were mainly male and that the results may not apply to female veterans.

Kiluk, B. D., DeVito, E. E., Buck, M. B., Hunkele, K., Nich, C., & Carroll, K. M. (2017). Effect of computerized cognitive behavioral therapy on acquisition of coping skills among cocaine-dependent individuals enrolled in methadone maintenance. Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment, 82(1), 87-92.

The development of coping skills has generally been considered to be a result of CBT for SUD but there is little statistical evidence to support this. The aim of this study was to reproduce and expand previous research on the quality of coping skills as a predictor of abstinence in substance users who had participated in a computerised CBT program. The participants were cocaine-dependent individuals enrolled in a methadone maintenance program. They were randomly assigned to treatment as usual (TAU) (n=54) or computerised CBT and TAU (n=47), which consisted of seven modules accessed on a special computer in a private room. They were interviewed by a research assistant at the beginning and end of treatment, twice weekly during treatments and 1, 3 and 6 months after treatment. Coping skills were measured using the Drug Risk Response Test (DRRT). At the 6 month post treatment point, 89 participants remained. They were unable to replicate the results of the previous studies, which may have been due to differences in the study participants. Their analysis did not support the acquisition of coping skills as a predictor of treatment outcome. However those assigned to computerised CBT and TAU, showed greater improvement in coping skills than those assigned to TAU only. A limitation in the study was the small sample size.

Morris, L., Stander, J., Ebrahim, W., Eksteen, S., Meaden, O., Ras, A., & Wessels, A. (2018). Effect of exercise versus cognitive behavioural therapy or no intervention on anxiety, depression, fitness and quality of life in adults with previous methamphetamine dependency: a systematic review. Addiction Science & Clinical Practice, 13(1), 1-12.

Methamphetamine is a psychostimulant used by approximately 52 million people globally and is extremely addictive. When used chronically it can cause adverse psychological, physical and neurological changes, including increases in depression and anxiety and decreases in fitness and quality of life. It has been suggested that exercise has the possibility of reversing these changes. This systematic review aimed to examine the available evidence on the effectiveness of exercise as opposed to CBT, standard care or no intervention on reducing anxiety and depression and improving fitness and quality of life in previous users of methamphetamine. The initial search identified 251 articles, which was first reduced to 14 potentially relevant studies, whose abstracts were reviewed. The final selection was three articles comprising two randomised control trials and one quasi-experimental pilot. The review concluded that depression and anxiety scores were significantly reduced with exercise as opposed to CBT. There were also significant improvements in quality of life scores in those exercising. It recommended that exercise be included in therapy for methamphetamine use. A limitation in this study was the small number of studies reviewed.

Zhang Z, Zhang L, Zhang G, Jin J, Zheng Z. The effect of CBT and its modifications for relapse prevention in major depressive disorder: a systematic review and meta-analysis. BMC Psychiatry [serial online]. December 1, 2018; 18(1):1-14. Available from: E-Journals, Ipswich, MA. Accessed March 25, 2018

CBT and its variations could be effective in preventing relapse in individuals with major depressive disorder (MDD). This review therefore aimed to evaluate the efficacy of CBT in preventing relapse in MDD. The researchers searched several databases to find relevant studies. They found sixteen studies investigating a total of 1945 participants, which met the criteria of the review. CBT was found to be more efficacious than control in reducing relapse in MDD individuals who were in remission. In those with three or more previous depressive episodes, mindfulness-based cognitive (MBCT) was more effective than control in reducing relapse. They concluded that using CBT in individuals with MDD may decrease the risk of relapse and that MBCT may only work for those MDD individuals with three or more previous episodes. The limitations in the study include the trial sizes in some of the studies evaluated and that the research was limited to MDD, rather than all depressive disorders.

Open Access articles can be accessed by clicking on the titles, others are available from our library datatbase for Healthy Options Australia staff and volunteers.


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April PD

You can add to the professional development post by commenting below or emailing the library.

Online resources

Webpage

Queensland Government  – Drug use: help and treatment

Read – professional reading

Available from the library database

  • Heward-Belle, S., Laing, L., Humphreys, C., & Toivonen, C. (2018). Intervening with Children Living with Domestic Violence: Is the System Safe?. Australian Social Work, 1-13.
  • Jiang, M. Y., & Vartanian, L. R. (2018). A review of existing measures of attentional biases in body image and eating disorders research. Australian Journal Of Psychology, 70(1), 3-17.
  • Kaplan, L. M., Greenfield, T. K., & Karriker‐Jaffe, K. J. (2017). Examination of associations between early life victimisation and alcohol’s harm from others. Drug and Alcohol Review.
  • Massey, S. H., Newmark, R. L., & Wakschlag, L. S. (2017). Explicating the role of empathic processes in substance use disorders: a conceptual framework and research agenda. Drug and Alcohol Review.
  • Pennay, A., McNair, R., Hughes, T. L., Leonard, W., Brown, R., & Lubman, D. I. (2018). Improving alcohol and mental health treatment for lesbian, bisexual and queer women: Identity matters. Australian And New Zealand Journal Of Public Health, 42(1), 35-42.

Open Access Articles

Open access online journal

Journal of Eating Disorders

A peer-reviewed open access journal exploring eating disorders

Open access textbooks

College open  textbooks: psychology

Useful resources

Australian College of Community Services Facebook page

ACCS is a not-for-profit Registered Training Organisation and national provider of professional development across various industries.

e-Book of the month

Howard, A., Katrak, M., Blakemore, T., & Pallas, P. (2016). Rural, Regional and Remote Social Work : Practice Research From Australia. London: Routledge.

This book gives voice to the direct practice experience of social workers working in rural and remote contexts using Australia as the primary case-study. The authors undertake a qualitative research project, conducting in-depth interviews to examine social work theory and practice against the reality of rural and remote contexts. Practice examples provide the reader with an insight into the diverse and complex nature of social work in rural and remote Australia and the role of contemporary social work. Through placing rural and remote social work in its historical, theoretical and geographical contexts, this work explores a range of considerations. These include isolation; ethical dilemmas when working with small and closely linked communities; climate, disaster relief and the environment; community identity and culture; working with indigenous communities in remote contexts; and social work education. Based on direct practice research, this book challenges existing theories of practice and reframes those to reflect the reality of practice in rural and remote communities. As social work must continue to critically reflect on its role within an ever changing and individualistic society, lessons from rural and remote settings around engagement, sense of place and skillful, innovative practice have never been more relevant. (abstract from EBSCO)

Free to download for all HOA staff from the library catalogue on work computers

Attend – informal learning sessions, journal club, seminar series

Insight Queensland

Free training sessions at Biala Community Health Centre in Brisbane, unless otherwise specified including:

  • April 6, 8:30-16:00 at Townsville: AOD Clinical assessment
  • April 17, 9:00-13:00: Crystal clear- responding to methamphetamine use
  • April 17, 9:00-16:30 at Bundaberg: AOD crash course- one day introduction to AOD
  • April 18, 9:00-16:30 at Bundaberg: Family inclusive practice in AOD treatment
  • April 24, 9:30-11:30: The problem gambling severity index- a screen for problem gambling in AOD and mental health populations
  • April 17, 9:00-16:30: Sensory approaches for AOD practice
  • April 26, 9:00-16:30 at the Gold Coast: AOD crash course- one day introduction to AOD

To register and for more details go their website

Online induction modules are a prerequisite to some of the courses. To access and download them visit www.insightqld.org

Attend – conferences 

Health in difference is Australia’s premier conference on the health and wellbeing of lesbian, gay, bisexual, trans, intersex, queer and sexuality, gender, and bodily diverse people and communities throughout Australia. Held at Sydney on 11-13 April costing from $345-780 for the full conference. Program details available and include mental health issues effecting the population. Register here

Write – presentations and papers

Get your work published in the Australian Journal of Psychology. Author guidelines are available here

 Listen – podcasts, webinars

Insight webinar: Overview of the ADIS service, April 18, 10:00-11:00

The Alcohol and Drug Information Service (ADIS) has operated for over 30 years as Queensland’s 24/7 hotline for anyone experiencing issues with alcohol or other drugs and their families. This presentation outlines service directions and insights from the ADIS dataset including over 540,000 calls across 14 years of data collection.

Presented by Dr Hollie Wilson – Allied Health Manager, Alcohol and Drug Information Service

Access at www.insight.qld.edu.au and enter participant code: 52365378

Insight presentation recordings available now on YouTube

Positive Choices drug and alcohol information webinars including:

Drug and alcohol and the maturing adolescent brain

How do mental health and substance use disorders affect young people?

 Assessed learning – short courses, certificates, diplomas, bachelors, post-grad

The Absurd Word: Creative Writing for Self-Supervision

Date: 24th April 2018, 9:30-16:30, $220 before 24/03/2018 and then $240

Venue: Lighthouse Resources Upstairs Training Room, Kyabra Street RUNCORN, QLD. 4113

This workshop uses creative writing to explore the challenges and successes in your practice. You will experience Five writing exercises that support self-awareness, critical reflection and potential lightbulb moments.  You may also unearth parts of yourself you had forgotten, not been aware of or had underestimated their impact on your practice.

Register here

My Heart Art: Image Making for Self-Supervision

Date: 30th April 2018, 9:30-16:30, $230 before 30/03/2018 and then $250

Venue: Lighthouse Resources Upstairs Training Room, Kyabra Street RUNCORN, QLD. 4113

This workshop uses painting, drawing and collage to explore the emotions of working in the human services field. You will experience art based exercises that support you to be aware of the emotions of your clients and of yourself, highlighting transference, countertransference and the dynamics of your working alliance. These exercises can be used for your own continued Self-Supervision and in your work with community members.

Register here


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Annotated bibliography: Consumer participation in treatment programs

Becan, J. E., Knight, D. K., Crawley, R. D., Joe, G. W., & Flynn, P. M. (2015). Effectiveness of the Treatment Readiness and Induction Program for increasing adolescent motivation for change. Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment, 50(1), 38-49.

The aim of this study was to assess the effectiveness of the Treatment Readiness and Induction Program (TRIP) for treating for motivating adolescents involved in treatment programs. Motivation is a crucial factor in the success of treatment for substance abuse and includes problem recognition, a desire to seek help and a readiness to change. The authors stated that interventions that facilitate this are particularly important for adolescents. The data was collected from 519 adolescents from six residential programs. They completed assessments at treatment intake and again 35 days after admission. The study included a control sample (n = 281) that had commenced treatment prior to the implementation of TRIP, which were compared against clients who received standard treatment enhanced by TRIP (n = 238). Motivational levels were conceptualised utilising statistical tools, which allowed for variables such as gender and drug use severity. The adolescents using TRIP demonstrated greater levels of gains in problem recognition and TRIP was linked indirectly with gains in the desire to seek help and readiness for treatment. Limitations include that the study was confined to those in residential care and were still in treatment 35 days after admission.

Durbeej, N., Palmstierna, T., Berman, A. H., Kristiansson, M., & Gumpert, C. H. (2014). Offenders with mental health problems and problematic substance use: Affective psychopathic personality traits as potential barriers to participation in substance abuse interventions. Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment, 46(5), 574-583.

Treatment for substance abuse may reduce recidivism in offenders as substance abuse has been linked to re-offending. Participation in substance abuse treatment programs by offenders may be associated with severity of substance use and social problems, violence risk and psychopathic personality traits. This study examined the relationships between these characteristics and participation in substance abuse programs in Swedish offenders with comorbid mental illness and problematic substance abuse. The data was collected by interviews on three occasions: at the beginning of the study, shortly before release and at the end of the treatment period (mean time = 20.8 months) and standard assessment tools were used including the Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT). The data was collected from 134 offenders who voluntarily participated in the study. It indicated that problem severity predicted participation in intervention but that affective psychopathic personality traits were negatively associated with intervention participation. It concluded that psychopathic personality traits should be considered when planning interventions and that cognitive behavioral therapy and dialectical behavioral therapy may be more applicable for these offenders. One of the limitations of the study is that it utilised an observational study design so was reliant on observed associations between variables, which may result in researcher bias.

Garrett, S. B., Doyle, S. R., Peavy, K. M., Wells, E. A., Owens, M. D., Shores-Wilson, K., & … Donovan, D. M. (2018). Age differences in outcomes among patients in the “Stimulant Abuser Groups to Engage in 12-Step” (STAGE-12) intervention. Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment, 84(1), 21-29.

Young adults (aged 18-29 years) have the potential to benefit from participating in twelve-step programs, but their uptake in these programs is relatively low. The aim of this study was to examine if age did effect attendance at twelve-step interventions and how it affected substance use. Data was obtained using a multi-site randomised controlled trial with assessments performed at baseline, mid-treatment (week 4), end-of-treatment (8 weeks) and at 3 and 6 months post treatment. The participants were all diagnosed with stimulant abuse or dependence utilising DSM IV (n = 450) and were enrolled in ten intensive outpatients substance use treatment programs in the USA. The study found that younger age was associated with improved treatment outcomes and that abstinence was greater in those who had participated in 12-step programs as opposed to treatment as usual (TAU). Conversely, for those who did not remain abstinent during treatment, younger age was associated with greater rates of stimulant use at follow up for those in 12-step as opposed to those in TAU. There were greater rates of participation in activities in young adults in 12-step programs than those in TAU programs. Users of non-stimulant drugs exhibited no differences in age by treatment interactions, but younger users were less likely to be abstinent at follow-up regardless of the treatment they had received. The study recommends ongoing assessment of the consumer’s readiness to change to guide the focus of treatment and that age appropriate treatment may benefit clinical outcome. Data collected was self-reported and was identified as a limitation of the study.

Hatch-Maillette, M., Wells, E. A., Doyle, S. R., Brigham, G. S., Daley, D., DiCenzo, J., & … Perl, H. I. (2016). Predictors of 12-Step Attendance and Participation for Individuals with Stimulant Use Disorders. Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment, 68(1), 74-82.

The authors of this study identified a gap in the research examining the effectiveness of 12-step peer recovery programs for drug use. They conducted a multi-site randomised clinical trial of 12-step facilitation on individuals with cocaine or methamphetamine use disorders (n =471) attending in one of ten settings. Participants were randomly assigned to 12-step with TAU or TAU alone for an eight week intervention. They were then assessed at 4 week and 8 weeks into treatment and again at 3 and 6 months after treatment commencement. Four outcome variables were examined:

  1. To what extent do treatment-seeking stimulant users choose 12-step interventions
  2. Do the factors, which predict 12-step participation in people with alcohol use disorders, apply in stimulant users?
  3. Which baseline “12-step readiness” factors predict program attendance and participation?
  4. Does choice of stimulant predict participation and attendance in 12-step programs?

The study found that attendance, speaking, allocated duties and peer were unrelated to demographics and substance use history or severity. Cocaine users were more likely to attend follow up meetings at 1, 3 and 6 months than methamphetamine users, as were those who perceived the groups as being beneficial to their recovery. Consumers who had attended the program prior to the study were also more likely to attend follow up sessions and participate in self-help activities, whereas those who perceived barriers to 12-step groups prior to the study were less likely to participate in these. Those who participated in self-help activities were more likely to volunteer for group duties. It concluded that continuity, prior attendance and active involvement with the 12-step programs were the main predictors for future program involvement and participation. The study was limited in that it only studied participants in a select set of treatment programs

Ibabe, I., Stein, J. A., Nyamathi, A., & Bentler, P. M. (2014). Predictors of substance abuse treatment participation among homeless adults. Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment, 46(3), 374-381.

This study examines the relationships among a history of trauma, a history of substance abuse, chronic homelessness and emotional distress in predicting participation in drug treatment programs, as enrolment and retention of clients in these programs is difficult, particularly among homeless people. Structural equation modelling was used, which indicated an association between chronic homelessness, trauma history and substance use history. This association significantly predicted recent emotional distress in the 853 participants, who were all homeless adults living in Los Angeles. Those with recent emotional distress were less likely to participate in substance abuse treatment, both formal and self-help. However, those with only a history of substance use were more likely to participate in treatment. It recommends providers focusing on dual-diagnosis interventions in order to encourage engagement and participation amongst this client group. They also cite the success of outreach services in establishing an initial contact with treatment services for this group as a method of reducing barriers to treatment seeking, including distrust. The authors state the over reliance on self-reporting is a limitation in this research.

Jaffe, A., Du, J., Huang, D., & Hser, Y. (2012). Drug-abusing offenders with comorbid mental disorders: Problem severity, treatment participation, and recidivism. Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment, 43(2), 244-250.

The aim of this study was to examine problem severity, treatment participation and recidivism in 1016 drug-abusing offenders who had a co-existing mental disorder. The participants were first assessed utilising the Addiction Severity Index (ASI) and their mental health diagnoses, treatment program participation and arrest records were obtained. The severity of their mental health disorder was then classified as mild or severe based on their specific diagnoses. Ordinal logistic regression was then used to examine predictors of recidivism separately for those with mild or severe mental health disorders. It was indicated that previous arrests, education level and treatment participation are predictors of recidivism generally. However, gender, age, primary drug, ASI score and treatment method are differentially important depending on the severity of the offender’s mental illness. The report recommends intervention strategies focusing on dual-diagnosis among offenders, to take into consideration the severity of their mental illness in order to increase their effectiveness and reduce recidivism. The data obtained is mainly self-reported which is identified as a limitation of the study.

Knight, D. K., Joe, G. W., Crawley, R. D., Becan, J. E., Dansereau, D. F., & Flynn, P. M. (2016). The Effectiveness of the Treatment Readiness and Induction Program (TRIP) for Improving During-Treatment Outcomes. Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment, 62(1), 20-27.

Engagement in treatment is an important factor in its success and this is consistently predicted by motivation. As problem recognition is an important aspect of motivation, it is essential to target efforts to improve this to achieve sustained recovery following treatment. This study aimed to compare the effectiveness of Standard Operating Practice (SOP) against SOP plus 8 sessions of TRIP on cognitive indicators and engagement in treatment for young people in 5 residential substance abuse treatment centres. The original sample consisted of 1228 adolescents (SPO = 749, TRIP = 479), which had reduced to 729 (SPO = 445, TRIP = 274) at the end of the study. Data was collected using the Texas Christian University Adolescent Screening and Assessment Package on admission (Time 1) and 30-45 days into treatment (Time 2), which was usually at the completion of the program. The study found that adolescents who received TRIP demonstrated higher problem recognition, decision-making and treatment engagement than those who received SOP only. This was true even when controlling for background factors such as demography and drug use severity. A limitation of this study was that only youths who completed the treatment were included in the final analysis.

McKay, J. R., Van Horn, D., Rennert, L., Drapkin, M., Ivey, M., & Koppenhaver, J. (2013). Factors in sustained recovery from cocaine dependence. Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment, 45(2), 163-172.

This study aimed to establish factors that predicted abstinence from cocaine use and shifts from use to abstinence over a 24-month period. The participants (n = 268) were recruited from three centres which provided intensive outpatient programs. The data was collected over 24-months and the participants were assessed within 2 weeks of admission and then at 3-monthly periods thereafter using a variety of screening tools. It identified that both abstinence from cocaine and transitioning into abstinence at the next follow-up were associated with older age, less education and lower severity of alcohol and cocaine use at baseline. Additional factors contributing to abstinence and transition to abstinence were higher self-efficacy, readiness to change, better social networks, lower depression and lower severity of co-existing problems. A limitation of the research was that it was correlational, so it is not conclusive if the variables resulted in the changes in cocaine use or if it was the changes in the predictors (e.g. raising self-esteem) that caused the reduction in cocaine use

Timko, C., Below, M., Schultz, N. R., Brief, D., & Cucciare, M. A. (2015). Patient and Program Factors that Bridge the Detoxification-Treatment Gap: A Structured Evidence Review. Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment, 52(1), 31-39.
Completion of detoxification and transitioning to substance use disorder (SUD) treatment and/or mutual self-help groups (MSHG) predict improved consumer outcomes. However, many consumers do not complete detoxification or receive SUD treatment afterwards. The authors conducted a structured evidence review on 26 articles to ascertain consumer, program and other factors associated with the successful completion of detoxification and transitioning to SUD treatment and/or MSHG. They found wide variations in the studies, between 45-95% of consumers completed detoxification and 14-92% transitioned to SUD treatment and/or MSHG. Family support and motivational-based approaches both contributed to completion of detoxification and transition to SUD care and/or MSHG. They suggest targeting these approaches at young people, who are less likely to complete detoxification and that barriers to detoxification and the subsequent transition to SUD care and/or MSHG can be overcome to improve consumer outcomes. The authors of this study relied on one database (PubMed) to collect their data, which is a major limitation of the study.

Zemore, S. E., & Ajzen, I. (2014). Predicting substance abuse treatment completion using a new scale based on the theory of planned behavior. Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment, 46(2), 174-182.

This study evaluated whether a 9-item scale based on the theory of planned behaviour (TPB) predicted the completion of substance abuse treatment. TPB is a general, social cognitive model of behaviour that has been useful in modelling a range of public health behaviours and can be applied to predicting treatment completion for SUDs. The data was collected from clients (n = 200) at a public outpatient program. The participants had all initiated treatment and baseline data was collected using surveys, which included attitudes towards treatment and perceived control and intention. The participants status on discharge was then collected using program records. TPB attitude and control components independently predicted intention and intention was positively related to treatment outcomes. TPB components were frequently related to readiness and were predictive of increased levels of coercion. Results indicate that the use of TPB improves treatment completion. A limitation of the study is the sample size and that the data was obtained from a single treatment program.


Leave a comment

March PD

You can add to the professional development post by commenting below or emailing the library.

Online resources

Webpage

National Rural Health Alliance:  This site provides access to resources such as factsheets to support rural health

Read – professional reading

Available from the library database

Hyder, S., Coomber, K., Pennay, A., Droste, N., Curtis, A., Mayshak, R., & … Miller, P. G. (2018). Correlates of verbal and physical aggression among patrons of licensed venues in Australia. Drug And Alcohol Review, 37(1), 6-13.

Skerrett, D. M., Gibson, M., Darwin, L., Lewis, S., Rallah, R., & De Leo, D. (2018). Closing the Gap in Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Youth Suicide: A Social–Emotional Wellbeing Service Innovation Project. Australian Psychologist, 53(1), 13-22.

Tomyn, A. J., & Weinberg, M. K. (2018). Resilience and Subjective Wellbeing: A Psychometric Evaluation in Young Australian Adults. Australian Psychologist, 53(1), 68-76.

Vo, H. T., Burgower, R., Rozenberg, I., & Fishman, M. (2018). Home-based delivery of XR-NTX in youth with opioid addiction. Journal Of Substance Abuse Treatment, 85(1), 84-89.

Yuke, K., Ford, P., Foley, W., Mutch, A., Fitzgerald, L., & Gartner, C. (2018). Australian urban Indigenous smokers’ perspectives on nicotine products and tobacco harm reduction. Drug And Alcohol Review, 37(1), 87-96.

Open Access Articles

Open access online journal

World Psychiatry: the official journal of the World Psychiatric Association

Open access textbook

Pradhan, B., Pinninti, N., & Rathod, S. (2015). Brief Interventions for Psychosis.

This book offers a clinical guide that brings together a broad range of brief interventions and their applications in treating psychosis. It describes two core approaches that can narrow the current, substantial gap between the need for psychotherapeutic interventions for all individuals suffering from psychosis, and the limited mental health resources available.The first approach involves utilizing the standard therapeutic modalities in the context of routine clinical interactions after adapting them into brief and effective formats. To that end, the book brings in experts on various psychotherapeutic modalities, who discuss how their particular modality could be adapted to more effectively fit into the existing system of care delivery.The second approach, addressed in detail, is to extend the availability of these brief interventions by utilizing the circle of providers as well as the social circle of the clients so that these interventions can be provided in a coordinated and complementary manner by psychiatrists, psychologists, clinical social workers, case managers, peer support specialists and other providers on the one hand, and by family members, friends, social and religious institutions on the other.

(Book Abstract)

e-Book of the month

Fall, K. A., & Howard, S. (2017). Alternatives to Domestic Violence : A Homework Manual for Battering Intervention Groups. New York, NY: Routledge.

This is an interactive treatment workbook designed for use with a wide variety of accepted curricula for domestic violence intervention programs. This new edition adds and revises the exercises and stories in every chapter, covering important topics such as respect and accountability, maintaining positive relationships, good communication, parenting, substance abuse, digital abuse, and sexuality. Chapters on parenting, substance abuse, and religion have also been heavily revised based on current literature and group member feedback. The chapters provide a comprehensive collection of vital topics, including topics rarely addressed in other curricula, and exercises help the group members learn new strategies for leading a life of cooperation and shared power. Continuing the tradition of past editions, this edition not only focuses on the content of a good BIPP curriculum, but it also stresses the group process elements that form the backbone of any quality approach.

(copied from EBSCO database)

Free to download for all HOA staff from the library catalogue on work computers

Attend – informal learning sessions, journal club, seminar series

Insight Queensland

Free training sessions at Biala Community Health Centre in Brisbane, unless otherwise specified including:

March 1-2: Cullturally secure AOD practice- featruring IRIS

March 2: Understanding psychoactive drugs (Townsville)

March 13: AOD crash course

March 15: Understanding psychoactive drugs

March 15: The problem gambling severity index (PGSI)

March 23: AOD clinical assessment

March 26: Young people and drugs

March 29: Harm reduction 101

More details and registration here

Online induction modules are a prerequisite to some of the courses. To access and download them visit www.insightqld.org

Turning Point seminars are online on their YouTube channel including:

Pathways out of addiction: the role of social groups and identity

Youth, moral panics and chemical cultures: a series of 4 short videos

Journal club TBA and will be on SKYPE

Attend – conferences 

QCOSS State Conference, May 16-17 at Brisbane: Movement for change. Cost $330-792 before March 16. Register here

  • Explore the current landscape in which we live and work, uncover the big issues and identify the stories that are dividing our community.
  • Develop an understanding of the evidence base for change and the current state of play from which we can move forward.
  • Explore reforms currently underway. Challenge your beliefs and attitudes and understand how these shape our actions and influence reform directions.
  • Hear from communities who have taken action, told a different story and have had success. How did they do it? What have they learned? Is this something we can all affect?
  • Learn from opinion leaders from different backgrounds and sectors who will discuss their experiences and how we can change how we think and tell our stories for the betterment of everyone.
  • Leave with an appetite and a recipe for action to take us closer to our desired future.

(QCOSS)

Listen – podcasts, webinars

Insight Qld

Free webinars on Wednesdays 10:00-11:00 (AEST).

  • March 7: AOD ‘our way’
  • March 14: Alcohol meets dementia- sorting through the maze
  • March 21: Codeine rescheduling: All you need to know but were too afraid to ask!
  • March 28: Treatment within corrections

Access at www.insight.qld.edu.au and enter participant code: 52365378

More details here

Australian and Indigenous Alcohol and Other Drugs Knowledge Centre have a selection of webinars including:

Harnessing good intentions: addressing harmful AOD use among Aboriginal Australians

A practical guide to community-based approaches for reducing alcohol harm

Assessed learning – short courses, certificates, diplomas, bachelors, post-grad

The art of CBT: Skillfully appying the manuals to common clinical problems: One day workshop:

Adelaide 18 May; Brisbane 1 June: see link for other major cities. Costs $110-455 depending on status. Register here

4 Day Intensive CBT Masterclass for AOD Professionals

Where: Melbourne,  17-20 April 2018, $990-1390

This course has been developed especially for alcohol and other drug professionals who want to build and strengthen the core CBT clinical skills that are the foundation for all best practice CBT protocols from traditional CBT to newer cognitive therapy models like the mindfulness-based therapies.

  • Get back to basics and understand exactly what makes CBT tick
  • Learn the why not just the how so you can apply core skills to any CBT type
  • Unlock the art and science of your practice to take it to the next level

Our unique interactive self-practice approach means you will really experience CBT from the inside, creating a deep understanding of how it works. Cognitive behaviour therapy is an umbrella term that includes a number of solution oriented therapies focusing on self-reflection, problem solving and learning skills that can be applied across situations:

  • Cognitive Therapy
  • Relapse Prevention
  • Mindfulness Based Cognitive Therapy
  • Acceptance and Commitment Therapy
  • Dialectical Behaviour Therapy
  • Compassion Focused Therapy

Find out how to use the core skills of CBT to drive change whatever model you use. Our focus is understanding and experiencing the drivers of change in CBT that underlie all CBT models. Book here

 

 

 

 www.insight.qld.edu.auwww.insight.qld.edu.au