Leave a comment

November PD

You can add to the professional development post by commenting below or emailing the library.

Online resources

Webpage

FASD Hub Australia: information on Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD) for Australian health professionals, teachers, justice professionals, service providers, researchers or parents and carers.

Read – professional reading

Available from the library database

  • Deacon, R. M., & Mooney‐Somers, J. (2017). Smoking prevalence among lesbian, bisexual and queer women in Sydney remains high: Analysis of trends and correlates. Drug And Alcohol Review, 36(4), 546-554.
  • Holzhauer, C. G., Epstein, E. E., Hayaki, J., Marinchak, J. S., McCrady, B. S., & Cook, S. M. (2017). Moderators of sudden gains after sessions addressing emotion regulation among women in treatment for alcohol use. Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment.
  • Hyshka, E., Anderson, J. T., & Wild, T. C. (2017). Perceived unmet need and barriers to care amongst street‐involved people who use illicit drugs. Drug And Alcohol Review, 36(3), 295-304
  • McPherson, L. (2017). Kinship Care: Increasing Child Well-being through Practice, Policy and Research. Australian Social Work, 70(4), 515-516.

  • Tarzia, L., Maxwell, S., Valpied, J., Novy, K., Quake, R., & Hegarty, K. (2017). Sexual violence associated with poor mental health in women attending Australian general practices. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health, 41(5), 518-523.

 

Open Access Articles

Reports

Useful resource

Australian Government Head to Health: National mental health portal

e-Book of the month

Crittenden, P. M. (2014). Attachment and Family Therapy. Maidenhead, Berkshire: McGraw-Hill Education

This book explores an integration of ideas from attachment theory and systemic family therapy including current developments and integrated cases.

Free to download for all HOA staff from the library catalogue on work computers

Attend – informal learning sessions, journal club, seminar series

Insight Queensland

Free training sessions at Biala Community Health Centre in Brisbane, unless otherwise specified including:

  • Introduction to motivational interviewing for AOD use – Cairns 01/12/2017, 09:00-16:30.  Prerequisite online induction material module 5
  • AOD relapse prevention and management –  Townsville 10/11/2017; Cairns 27/11/2017, 09:00-16:30. Prerequisite online induction material module 6
  • Advanced harm reduction including safer injecting practices – Brisbane 28/11/2107, 09:00-16:30
  • Culturally secure AOD practice featuring IRIS (2 day workshop) – Brisbane 20/11/2107 – 21/11/2017, 09:00-16:30
  • Crystal clear: responding to methamphetamine use – Brisbane 02/11/2017, 09:00-13:00

Workshops can be either attended in person or via webinar. For more details and to register click here

For Townsville workshops please contact the Mental Health Staff Development Team on (07) 4433 9480 or email MHCAMB@health.qld.gov.au for workshop information

For Cairns please contact Jennifer.Brazier@health.qld.gov.au for workshop information

Online induction modules are a prerequisite to some of the courses. To access and download them visit www.insightqld.org

Attend – conferences 

APSAD Scientific Alcohol and Drug Conference, Pullman Melbourne Albert Park. 12-15 November 2017

Full program now available

Registration from $460 – $1070. Online registrations are now closed, contact the conference secretariat: asadconference@ashm.org.au or 02 8204 0770 

Write – presentations and papers

Get your research published. The Drug an Alcohol Review have published guidelines for authors

Listen – podcasts, webinars

Insight Qld

Free webinars on Wednesdays 10:00-11:00 (AEST). Access here

  • 01/11/2017: New services for comorbidity – Addiction and Mental Health Short Stay Unit (Dr Shaladran Padayachee and Staff, Addiction and Mental Health Short Stay Unit – Logan Hospital)
  • 08/11/2017: Smoking Cessation Clinical Pathway Project: A new approach (Natalie Davis, Health Promotion Officer – Addiction Services, PAH; Deepali Gupta, Senior Pharmacist – Preventative Team PAH)
  • 15/11/2017: Treating eating disorders made easy (Associate Professor Warren Ward, Director – QuEDS)
  • 22/11/2017: Alt-truth and the post truth world. Where does AOD evidence fit in Trump’s universe? (Dr Jeremy Hayllar, Clinical Director, Metro North Mental Health – Alcohol & Drug Service)

More details here

Assessed learning – short courses, certificates, diplomas, bachelors, post-grad

Psychological First Aid

Learn to provide psychological first aid to people in an emergency by employing the RAPID model: Reflective listening, Assessment of needs, Prioritization, Intervention, and Disposition.

This is a free self-directed online course offered by John Hopkins University, delivered over 5 weeks. It costs 61 USD if you require a certificate. For more details and to enroll click here

Advertisements


Leave a comment

Mental health in rural and remote communties: annotated bibliography

Allen, J., Inder, K. J., Lewin, T. J., Attia, J., & Kelly, B. J. (2012). Social support and age influence distress outcomes differentially across urban, regional and remote Australia: an exploratory study. BMC Public Health, 12(1), 928.
The aim of this study was to examine whether increasing remoteness had any effect on psychological distress. 4219 people over 55 years were surveyed across New South Wales about their levels of social support, demographic details, remoteness and levels of psychological distress experienced. The report concluded that remoteness could reduce the levels of psychological distress associated with a lack of social support. This may be due to people living in remote areas having a higher level of self-sufficiency. The study was limited in that it only studied older people.
Blignault, I., Haswell, M., & Pulver, L. J. (2016). The value of partnerships: lessons from a multi‐site evaluation of a national social and emotional wellbeing program for Indigenous youth. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health, 40(S1).
This study provides the results of a three-year evaluation of SAM our way- a program that aimed to improve the social and emotional wellbeing of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander living in remote and regional areas of Australia. Five out of the 14 sites were studied, selecting from diverse locations over several states and in depth case studies were performed. The best performing sites were those where strong local partnerships had been formed with the local Indigenous community. Several lessons were learned including the importance of program design and resourcing and ways of working. It was essential to build partnerships with the local community including training and engaging members and working consistently with them, taking things slowly. Evaluation is essential and needs to be built into the programs. Activities need to be engaging and, effective integrating with other programs and services.
Carey, T. A., Wakerman, J., Humphreys, J. S., Buykx, P., & Lindeman, M. (2013). What primary health care services should residents of rural and remote Australia be able to access? A systematic review of “core” primary health care services. BMC Health Services Research, 13(1), 178.
A systematic review was performed to address which primary healthcare services should be accessible to all Australians regardless of geography. It was done in response to the inequality in access to healthcare faced by those in remote and rural communities. It concluded that defining a list of core services was difficult but that they should be an appropriate fit for service and evidence-based. Policy makers, consumers, practitioners and researchers need to work together in developing them to ensure that they are affordable and accessible to all.
Inder, K. J., Handley, T. E., Fitzgerald, M., Lewin, T. J., Coleman, C., Perkins, D., & Kelly, B. J. (2012). Individual and district-level predictors of alcohol use: cross sectional findings from a rural mental health survey in Australia. BMC Public Health, 12(1), 586.
Excessive alcohol use has been cited as a problem in rural and remote Australia and this study aimed to examine the geographical variation in rates and the potential effects of socio-economic disadvantage, population change and remoteness from services in contributing to this disparity. A survey was performed on 1981 people randomly taken from the electoral role using the Australian Rural Mental Health Study. It found that gender, age, marital status and personality status were the biggest contributors to at risk alcohol use. Financial advantage and experiencing multiple recent adverse life events also contributed to increased alcohol use. Relatively few district-level factors were linked to increased alcohol consumption after controlling for other factors.
Inder, K. J., Handley, T. E., Johnston, A., Weaver, N., Coleman, C., Lewin, T. J., & Kelly, B. J. (2014). Determinants of suicidal ideation and suicide attempts: parallel cross-sectional analyses examining geographical location. BMC Psychiatry, 14(1), 208.
Suicide rates are consistently higher in rural than urban settings so this study aimed to examine if there were any differences in determinants of suicidal ideation and attempts between the areas. The main determinants were psychological distress and mental illness. Parallel cross-sectional analyses were performed using data from the 2007 National Survey of Mental Health and Wellbeing (n=8463) and the Australian Rural and Mental Health Study (n=634). The former was under representative of rural and remote participants and the latter was over representative. Geographical location was not found to be associated with suicidal ideation or attempt, but socio-economic factors were significantly associated with higher rates of suicidality. Access to lethal means and isolation, resulting in not being found quickly may also affect the rate of suicidality. It stressed the importance of developing and evaluating targeted evidence-based intervention strategies for at risk groups.
Morandini, J. S., Blaszczynski, A., Dar‐Nimrod, I., & Ross, M. W. (2015). Minority stress and community connectedness among gay, lesbian and bisexual Australians: a comparison of rural and metropolitan localities. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health, 39(3), 260-266.
The aim of this study was to examine the impact of locality on minority stress experienced by lesbian, gay and bisexual (LGB) Australians. Increased stress and lack of community connectedness experienced by LGB individuals has been associated with increased depression, drug and alcohol use and suicidality. Data was collected by survey (n=1306) to assess minority stressors, connection with community and social isolation. The results were than analysed to assess the effect of locality on these stressors independent of gender, age, ethnicity, education and income. Those living in rural and remote areas and unexpectedly outer metropolitan areas experienced higher levels of stressors and high LGB disconnection than those living in inner metropolitan areas. Reluctance to disclose sexuality, including increased concealment of sexuality from friends and internalised homophobia in men were more common in rural and remote communities. This will put them at increased risk of psychiatric morbidity. It recommends health promotion in these communities that is aimed at reducing homophobia and discrimination and support services to assist those struggling with stigma and isolation.


Leave a comment

October PD

You can add to the professional development post by commenting below or emailing the library.

Online resources

Webpage

Drug and alcohol use

An Australian Government website providing information and resources for drug and alcohol issues

Read – professional reading

Available from the library database

Dertadian, G. C., Dixon, T. C., Iversen, J., & Maher, L. (2017). Self‐limiting non‐medical pharmaceutical opioid use among young people in Sydney, Australia: An exploratory study. Drug And Alcohol Review, 36(5), 643-650.

Patrick, M. E., Evans-Polce, R., Kloska, D. D., Maggs, J. L., & Lanza, S. T. (2017). Age-Related Changes in Associations Between Reasons for Alcohol Use and High-Intensity Drinking Across Young Adulthood. Journal Of Studies On Alcohol And Drugs, 78(4), 558-570

Rowe, R., Berger, I., Yaseen, B., & Copeland, J. (2017). Risk and blood‐borne virus testing among men who inject image and performance enhancing drugs, Sydney, Australia. Drug And Alcohol Review, 36(5), 658-666.

Silins, E., Swift, W., Slade, T., Toson, B., Rodgers, B., & Hutchinson, D. M. (2017). A prospective study of the substance use and mental health outcomes of young adult former and current cannabis users. Drug And Alcohol Review, 36(5), 618-625.

Simonavicius, E., Robson, D., McEwen, A., & Brose, L. S. (2017). Cessation support for smokers with mental health problems: a survey of resources and training needs. Journal Of Substance Abuse Treatment, 80(1), 37-44.

Open Access Articles

Roger Collier (2017). Harm reduction is about providing safety for patients. CMAJ 2017;189 doi:10.1503/cmaj.1095489

Mishna, F., Fantus, S., & McInroy, L. B. (2017). Informal use of information and communication technology: Adjunct to traditional face-to-face social work practice. Clinical Social Work Journal, 45(1), 49-55.
Pegg, K. J., O’Donnell, A. W., Lala, G., & Barber, B. L. (2017). The role of online social identity in the relationship between alcohol-related content on social networking sites and adolescent alcohol use. Cyberpsychology, Behavior, and Social Networking.
Shepherd, S. M., Delgado, R. H., Sherwood, J., & Paradies, Y. (2017). The impact of indigenous cultural identity and cultural engagement on violent offending. BMC Public Health, 18(1), 50.
Smolkina, M., K. I. Morley, F. Rijsdijk, A. Agrawal, J. E. Bergin, E. C. Nelson, D. Statham, N. G. Martin, and M. T. Lynskey. “Cannabis and Depression: A Twin Model Approach to Co-morbidity.” Behavior Genetics 47, no. 4 (2017): 394-404.

Open access online journal

BMC Psychology:An open access peer-reviewed journal covering all aspects of psychology

Useful resource

Drug and Alcohol Findings: Drug  Matrix Cell: Reducing Harm

Drug Treatment Matrix initiates a fortnightly course on the evidence base for harm reduction and treatment in relation to illegal drugs. Comprehensively updated, the cell explores key research on interventions to reduce the harms to the user as a result of their drug use.

e-Book of the month

Schiraldi, G. R. (2016). The Self-Esteem Workbook. Oakland: New Harbinger Publications

The Self-Esteem Workbook includes up-to-date information on brain plasticity, and new chapters on forgiveness, mindfulness, and cultivating loving kindness and compassion. If your self-esteem is based solely on performance—if you view yourself as someone who’s worthy only when you’re performing well or acknowledged as doing a good job—the way you feel about yourself will always depend on external factors. Your self-esteem affects everything you do, so if you feel unworthy or your confidence is shaped by others, it can be a huge problem.With this second edition of The Self-Esteem Workbook, you’ll learn to see yourself through loving eyes by realizing that you are inherently worthy, and that comparison-based self-criticism is not a true measure of your value. In addition to new chapters on cultivating compassion, forgiveness, and unconditional love for yourself and others—all of which improve self-esteem—you’ll find cutting-edge information on brain plasticity and how sleep, exercise, and nutrition affect your self-esteem.Developing and maintaining healthy self-esteem is key for living a happy life, and with the new research and exercises you’ll find in this updated best-selling workbook, you’ll be ready to start feeling good about yourself and finally be the best that you can be (copied from the EBSCO database).

Free to download for all HOA staff from the library catalogue on work computers

Attend – informal learning sessions, journal club, seminar series

Insight Queensland

Free training sessions at Biala Community Health Centre in Brisbane, unless otherwise specified including:

  • Introduction to motivational interviewing for AOD use: October 5 (Brisbane), October 6 (Townsville), December 1 (Cairns) 9:00-16:30. Prerequisite online induction module 5
  • AOD relapse, prevention and management: October 17 (Brisbane), November 10 (Townsville), November 27 (Cairns) 9:00-16:30. Prerequisite online induction module 5
  • Family inclusive practice in AOD treatment: October 26 (Brisbane) 9:00-16:30.
  • Introduction to AOD clinical supervision: October 31 (Brisbane) 9:00-16:30
  • Introduction to mindfulness in AOD: October 12 (Brisbane) 9:00-16:30

Register here

Online induction modules are a prerequisite to some of the courses. To access and download them visit www.insightqld.org

Listen – podcasts, webinars

Insight Qld

Free webinars on Wednesdays 10:00-11:00 (AEST). Access here

  • October 4: AOD and the Law – What you should know
  • October 11: Substance use disorders among Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander People in Custody; a public health opportunity
  • October 18: GEM: Growth and Empowerment Measure
  • October 25: “Getting Ready for Change”: Improving entry and retention into allied health services

More details here

Targeting anti-smoking efforts for disadvantaged groups.

In this podcast Professor Billie Bonevski is interviewed by the Medical Journal of Australia, where she discusses some of the issues effecting different population groups including Aborigines and Torres Strait Islanders, Culturally and Linguistically Diverse communities and those from low socio-economic groups. Listen to it here

Non-suicidal self-injury within LGBTI Communities

The LGBT Alliance Mindout project is hosting a presentation by Madeline Wishart from Youth Support Advisory Service in Melbourne to help workers understand self-injury and how it differs behaviourally for suicide. She will also present on her research on sexual orientation and how it impacts on non-suicidal self-injury.

The free webinar is on Tuesday 26/09/2017 from 1-2pm. Register here.


Leave a comment

Insight QLD Training

Insight have released their Semester 2 Training Calendar All training is free for Queensland based workers and anybody can participate in the webinars free of charge. For more details and to register click on webinar or workshop.

Webinars

Join in person or online. On Wednesdays 10.00-11.00 at 4th floor, Biala, 270 Roma St, Brisbane. Check out the full calendar below

Insight_Seminar_Calendar_S2_web 

Workshops

Unless otherwise stated all workshops are held at 4th floor, Biala, 270 Roma St, Brisbane and run from 9.00am-4.30pm.

Check out the calendar below

Insight_Semester_2_Training_Calendar

Please note Online induction modules are a prerequisite for some of the workshops

 

 


Leave a comment

National Drug Strategy Household Survey 2016

Access the survey here 

Summary

Younger people (under 30 years old) are drinking and smoking less and using less illicit drugs than in 2001. However, people in their 40s, 50s and 60s have not significantly changed their drug usage over this period, although their use of some drugs has increased since 2013.

Tobacco smoking

  • Smoking rates have been on downward trend over the long-term, but have not significantly declined since 2013.
  • There are fewer teenagers smoking and the average age for first use has increased to age 16.3 from age 15.9 years in 2013.
  • The amount smoked has decreased significantly since 2001, but there was no significant decrease from 2013 rates.
  • Males are more likely to smoke than females
  • The proportion of never smokers was 60% in 2016, compared to 62% in 2013
  • Smoking has declined by over 40% in people in their 20s and 30s and 20% for people in their 40s and 50s over the last 15 years. However, it hasn’t declined significantly in those over the age of 60.
  • More smokers are rolling theit own cigarettes as opposed to ready made cigarettes
  • Support for harm reduction policies remains high

Alcohol use

  • Fewer people than in 2013 exceeded the lifetime risk guidelines for drinking alcohol.
  • Young adults were drinking less. 42% of 18-24 year olds drinking at least 5 standard drinks per month as opposed to 47% in 2013.
  •  82% of 12-17 year olds abstained from alcohol in 2016 compared to 72% in 2013.
  • More people in their 50s were drinking 11 or more standard drinks on one occasion compared to 2013.
  • The proportion of people reporting being a victim of alcohol related harm decreased from 26% in 2013 to 22% in 2016.
  • Males are more than twice as likely as females to exceed the lifetime risk guidelines. However the difference is narrowing as less fewer males drink at risky levels while female risky drinking is unchanged.
  • Most alcohol policy measures received reduced support in 2016 than in 2013

Illicit drug use

  • Less use of some illegal drugs was seen in 2016 including meth/amphetamines, hallucinogens and synthetic cannabinoids
  • 1 in 20 Australians in 2016 misused pharmaceutical medication
  • Reports of being a victim of a drug-related incident increased to 1.8million in 2016, up from 1.6million in 2013
  • Cocaine use has been increasing since 2004 from 1% to 2.5%
  • More people over the age of 40 reported misuse of drugs mainly pharmaceuticals and cannabis
  • Cannabis, heroin and cocaine were perceived to be less likely to be thought of as a drug problem as compared to meth/amphetamine

Meth/amphetamines

  • Crystal or ice continued to be the main form used up to 57% in 2016 from 50% in 2013
  • Powder use declined from 29% in 2013 to 20% in 2016
  • People’s perception of meth/amphetamines changed between 2013 and 2016 with it being nominated as the drug most likely to be drug problem and also the cause of most drug related deaths for the first time


5 Comments

June PD

You can add to the professional development post by commenting below or emailing the library.

Online resources

Cracks in the Ice is an online toolkit providing trusted, evidence-based, and up-to-date information and resources about crystal methamphetamine (ice) for the Australian community.

Conversations Matter  resources for discussing suicide

Schizophrenia library  free resources on schizophrenia

Read – professional reading

Available from the library database

Helmes, E., & Fudge, M. (2017). Psychological distress among Australian welfare recipient job seekers. Australian Journal of Psychology, 69(2), 106-111. doi:10.1111/ajpy.12123

Hyshka, E., Anderson, J. T., & Wild, T. C. (2017). Perceived unmet need and barriers to care amongst street‐involved people who use illicit drugs. Drug and Alcohol Review, 36(3), 295-304. doi:10.1111/dar.12427

Kolar, C., von Treuer, K., & Koh, C. (2017). Resilience in early‐career psychologists: Investigating challenges, strategies, facilitators, and the training pathway. Australian Psychologist, 52(3), 198-208. doi:10.1111/ap.12197

Likis‐Werle, E., & Borders, L. D. (2017). College women’s gender identity and their drinking choices. Journal of Addictions & Offender Counseling, 38(1), 16-32. doi:10.1002/jaoc.12026

Open Access Articles

Bischoff-Grethe, A., Connolly, C. G., Jordan, S. J., Brown, G. G., Paulus, M. P., Tapert, S. F., … & Grant, I. (2017). Altered reward expectancy in individuals with recent methamphetamine dependence. Journal of Psychopharmacology, 31(1), 17-30.

Open access online journals

PLOS Publications The latest scientific research available to anyone anytime

Open access textbooks

http://www.openaccesstextbooks.org/

e-Book of the month

Ethics in psychotherapy and counseling: a practical guide by Pope, K.S., Vasquez, M.J.T. (2011)

Free to download for all HOA staff from the library catalogue on work computers

Attend – informal learning sessions, journal club, seminar series

Insight Queensland

The timetable for semester 2 has not been released. Stay tuned for further updates.

Alternatively you can catch up with any webinars you have missed on their Vimeo channel

Journal club (available to Healthy Options workers only) Internal professional development session held in the Annerley boardroom and via Skype meeting. Date: TBC

Alcohol and other drugs workshop will be held in Adelaide on 29/06/2017. Cost $157.74. This workshop investigates the cycle of addiction and interventions to prevent or reduce harm related to the use of alcohol and other drugs. More details and  to register click here

Attend – conferences 

The 2017 Australian Youth AOD Conference will be held in Melbourne on August 17 and 18. The theme for the conference this year is “Identity” and will explore how young people develop their identity, how these identities can change and grow, and how youth workers can have a positive influence on this process. The conference will provide an opportunity to examine practice and learn about new and emerging ideas with a range of practice advancement workshops and keynote presentations. The conference will also give workers an opportunity to meet their colleagues, form connections and celebrate the unique work done in this field. Registrations are now open and early bird closes on July 1st 2017. Early bird full price ticket  (before 01/07/2017): $275, then $350. Student deals and single day attendance also available. Get them here

The 2017 Indigenous Drug and Alcohol Misuse Conference will be held in Brisbane on the 21-23 August. Cost from $900. For more details and to register click here

Write – presentations and papers

Australian Social Work

Get your work published:

  • An original article, which may report the findings of research (including systematic literature reviews) or critically analyse a policy, practice or theoretical issue. Original articles will be within the range of 4,000 to 6,000 words. An abstract of 100–150 words must be included, as well as an implications statement comprising two or three bullet points (between 50 and 75 words) summarising the unique contribution and relevance of the paper (e.g., to society, to social work, to social policy).
  • A Practice, Policy, & Perspectives (PPP) article, which may report the findings of small-scale practice-based research (e.g., evaluation research or case study) or examine an important policy issue. PPP articles will be within the range of 1,500 to 4,000 words. An abstract of no more than 100 words must be included , as well as an implications statement as per above. Please refer to the Practice, Policy, & Perspectives guidelines
  • A letter to the editor, which may respond to an issue raised by an article in the journal. A letter will not exceed 400 words. Letters to the editor are not peer-reviewed.
  • A commentary on a published article, which has been invited by the Editor, to stimulate debate on a topic. A commentary will not exceed 1,000 words. Commentaries are not peer-reviewed.
  • A book review, which has been invited by the Editor or Reviews Editor, on a recently published book determined by the Editor or Reviews Editor to be of interest to the journal’s readership. Book reviews should be between 600 and 800 words. Book reviews are not peer-reviewed. Please note that unsolicited book reviews are not accepted. Please refer to the book review guidelines

More details here

Listen – podcasts, webinars

NHMRC mental health and substance use webinars can be accessed on their Vimeo channel and include:

  • What can parents do to prevent teenage substance use?
  • National comorbidity guidelines: an evidence-based resource for drug and alcohol workers
  • Lesson planning with positive choices:  how to engage your students with evidence-based drug education
  • The use of behavioural activation therapy for depression among substance users

Assessed learning – short courses, certificates, diplomas, bachelors, post-grad

The Social Context of Mental Health and Illness

Learn how social factors promote mental health, influence the onset and course of mental illness, and affect how mental illnesses are diagnosed and treated. This course explores how our understanding of mental health and illness has been influenced by social attitudes and social developments in North America and around the world. The course begins by situating our contemporary mental health practices in historical context, then looks at different aspects of mental health, mental illness and mental health services and their connections to what’s going on in our social environment.

This is a free online course which starts on 05/06/2017 and is run over 6 weeks. Register here


Leave a comment

Facts about Drugs Videos

The Drug Policy Alliance has produced a series of four short videos about MDMA, Methamphetamine, Heroin and Cocaine which aim to present straightforward, factual information. Each video is only two minutes long and covers the history of each of these drugs, how they work, the major health risks of each substance and practice harm reduction advice.