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June PD

You can add to the professional development post by commenting below or emailing the library.

Online resources

Webpage

Queensland Women’s Health Network: Contains information about women’s health and wellbeing

Report

The Queensland Mental Health Commission has released a report titled “Changing Attitudes, Changing Lives: Options to reduce stigma amd discrimination for people experiencing problematic alcohol and other drug use.” The report explores stigma and discrimination faced by people using alcohol or other drugs, recent research in this space and options for reform. The report forms part of the Queensland Government’s Alcohol and other Drugs Action Plan 2015-2017

Read – professional reading

Available from the library database

Gjersing, L., & Bretteville‐Jensen, A. L. (2018). Patterns of substance use and mortality risk in a cohort of ‘hard‐to‐reach’ polysubstance users. Addiction, 113(4), 729-739

Hausheer, R., Doumas, D.M., Esp, S. (2018). Evaluation of a Web-Based Alcohol Program Alone and in Combination With a Parent Campaign for Ninth-Grade Students. Journal of Addictions & Offender Counseling. 39 (1). 15-30.

Mason, M.J., Zaharakis, N.M., Russell, M., Childress, V. (2018). A pilot trial of text-delivered peer network counseling to treat young adults with cannabis use disorder. Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment. 89. 1-10

McNamara, B.J., Banks, E., Gubhaju, L., Joshy, G., Williamson, A., Raphael, B., Eades, S., (2018). Factors relating to high psychological distress in Indigenous Australians and their contribution to Indigenous–non-Indigenous disparities. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health. 42 (2). 145-152.

Moreland, A.D., McRae-Clark, A. (2018).Parenting outcomes of parenting interventions in integrated substance-use treatment programs: A systematic review.  Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment. 89. 52-59

Waaktaar, T., Kan, K., & Torgersen, S. (2018). The genetic and environmental architecture of substance use development from early adolescence into young adulthood: a longitudinal twin study of comorbidity of alcohol, tobacco and illicit drug use. Addiction, 113(4), 740-748.

Open Access Articles

Darke S, Kaye S, Duflou J, Lappin J. (2018). Completed Suicide Among Methamphetamine Users: A National Study. Suicide Life Threat Behaviour. doi: 10.1111/sltb.12442

Dolan, K., Sacha-Krol, D., and Vumbaca, G. (2017). A needs analysis for people living with HCV after leaving custodial settings in Australia. Australian Injecting and Illicit Drug Users League: Canberra.

Nasstasia, Y., Baker, A. L., Halpin, S. A., Hides, L., Lewin, T. J., Kelly, B. J., & Callister, R. (2018). Evaluating the efficacy of an integrated motivational interviewing and multi-modal exercise intervention for youth with major depression: Healthy Body, Healthy Mind randomised controlled trial protocol. Contemporary Clinical Trials Communications, 9, 13-22.

Rivera, B. (2018). Factors Affecting Adult Survivors of Childhood Sexual Abuse and Interventions Designed to Address the Problem: A Systematic Literature Review (Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Los Angeles).

 Open access online journal

Contemporary Clinical Trials Communications contains some relevant research

Open access textbooks

ANU Press has several Open Access textbooks in its catalogue

Useful resources

20 medications you should avoid with alcohol

Moderate drinking factsheets

SMART Recovery Australia worksheets

Youth AOD Toolbox: provides practitioners in the youth alchohol + other drugs field with reliable and current information to help to increase their knowledge and enrich their practice.

Study on alcohol use: Young Australian’s Alcohol Reporting System (YAARS)

e-Book of the month

Palmer, A., Kunreuther, E., & Attwood, T. (2017). Drinking, Drug Use, and Addiction in the Autism Community. London: Jessica Kingsley Publishers.

What is the connection between autism and addiction? Why are individuals with autism more likely to develop a substance use disorder than the general population? Until recently, substance use disorder (SUD) was considered rare among those with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). This book brings together current research and personal accounts from individuals with autism and their supports. It explores why addiction is more common among individuals with ASD and investigates how addiction and autism affect one another. The authors also provide strategies for supporting people with both ASD and SUD (copied from EBSCO database)

Free to download for all HOA staff from the library catalogue on work computers

Attend – informal learning sessions, journal club, seminar series

Insight Queensland

Free training sessions  including:

AOD Crash Course: One day introduction to AOD

AOD Relapse Prevention & Management

Introduction to withdrawal management

Harm reduction 101

Cairns

More regional sessions coming soon

Online induction modules are a prerequisite to some of the courses. To access and download them visit www.insightqld.org

Other providers

Free e-module for everyone working with people with personality disorders (including addiction), to enhance an attitude of holding people responsible for their actions, without blaming them for their failures.

eMHPrac provides free e-mental health training and support for health practitioners – GPs, Allied Health Professionals, and service providers working with Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people.

Attend – conferences 

NADA: Exploring therepeutic interventions.

7-8 June at Sydney

Program

Costs $265-440 for full conference. Register here

Write – presentations and papers

Australian Social Work: Call for articles for a special issue on working with involuntary clients. Relevant papers would address: work with involuntary clients in the range of fields referred to above; strategies for working with the involuntary, mandated, non-voluntary or resistant clients in a variety of settings; the dynamics of working with this population; the importance of building relationships; problem solving with involuntary clients; challenging involuntary clients; practice skills specific to these groups.Authors may submit an original article (4000–6000 words), or a Practice, Policy, and Perspectives article (1500–4000 words). For guidance on how to submit, please see www.tandfonline.com/rasw and the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (APA), 6th Edition. All manuscripts should be submitted via Scholar One Manuscripts: http://mc.manuscriptcentral.com/rasw, no later than 30 May 2019. Authors are encouraged to contact the Guest Editors to discuss their intended submissions.

Listen – podcasts, webinars

Transgender health podcast

Duration: 52 minutes

  • terminology and gender identity
  • New Zealand population stats
  • experiencing concerning health and wellbeing disparity
  • myths and stereotypes
  • has the concept of transgender been over medicalised?
  • specific health issues that transgender people face at different stages of life
  • how do we make our practices transgender friendly?
  • New transgender pathway.

Living with FASD: Radio National’s Life Matters program recently featured an episode titled “Living with FASD”. The radio program features an interview with Anne Russell, whose son has FASD. Anne describes how FASD impacts her son, and some of the challenges of getting appropriate diagnosis and support. The show also features Dr Doug Shelton, a paediatrician who specialises in FASD, who talks about some of the impacts of FASD, and the approaches to better recognising and managing FASD.

Insight Webinars

6th June, 10:00-11:00

Working with people with personality disorders: This presentation will focus upon the challenges of working with clients with personality disorders, offering practical strategies for engagement, management and treatment.

13th June, 10:00-11:00

“Coming to terms”: promoting AOD literacy: Health literacy refers to how people understand information about health and healthcare and use this to make decisions about their care. “Coming to Terms” explores the use of clinical language by health professionals in the AOD sector and how interpretation and comprehension can impact upon healthcare outcomes for our clients.

Assessed learning – short courses, certificates, diplomas, bachelors, post-grad

Lighthouse resources

The absurd word: using writing in counselling

Learn and practice the use of writing, words, word games, poetry and literature in your counselling and support work with clients.  This experiential workshop will guide you through several writing based activities and techniques that can enhance your work with people who experience various concerns and challenges in their mental health and wellbeing and family life.

19th June, 9:30-16:30, cost $220

Brick walls and tangled wool: making counselling comfortable when it is uncomfortable

Providing support or counselling to a person or family is a key role played by human services workers. For those accessing support, engaging in and receiving such support can be extremely uncomfortable and daunting. Human beings, through life and through traumatic experiences, develop coping mechanisms and ways of relating to people that can present as a barrier to the support we offer. This workshop will challenge you to think of these mechanisms as not barriers but normal human behaviours – this workshop will focus on ways to work with not against these behaviours in a way that makes change possible. You will also engage in a group reflection and supervision session to unpack barriers in real life situations you are currently experiencing.

26th June, 9:00-16:30, cost $220

Workshops Venue: Lighthouse Resources Upstairs Training Room, Kyabra Street RUNCORN, QLD. 4113

Registration/more information

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May PD

You can add to the professional development post by commenting below or emailing the library.

Online resources

Read – professional reading

Available from the library database

Geerlings, L. R., Thompson, C. L., Bouma, R., & Hawkins, R. (2018). Cultural Competence in Clinical Psychology Training: A Qualitative Investigation of Student and Academic Experiences. Australian Psychologist, 53(2), 161-170.

Massey, S. H., Newmark, R. L., & Wakschlag, L. S. (2018). Explicating the role of empathic processes in substance use disorders: A conceptual framework and research agenda. Drug And Alcohol Review, 37(3), 316-332.

Rychert, M., Wilkins, C., Parker, K., & Witten, K. (2018). Are government‐approved products containing new psychoactive substances perceived to be safer and more socially acceptable than alcohol, tobacco and illegal drugs? Findings from a survey of police arrestees in New Zealand. Drug And Alcohol Review, 37(3), 406-413.

Torgerson, C. N., Love, H. A., & Vennum, A. (2018). The buffering effect of belonging on the negative association of childhood trauma with adult mental health and risky alcohol use. Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment, 88, 44-50.

Wendt, D. C., & Gone, J. P. (2018). Complexities with group therapy facilitation in substance use disorder specialty treatment settings. Journal Of Substance Abuse Treatment, 88(1), 9-17.

Open Access Articles

Dembo, R., Faber, J., Cristiano, J., Wareham, J., Krupa, J. M., Schmeidler, J., & Terminello, A. (2018). Family Problems, Mental Health and Trauma Experiences of Justice-Involved Youth. Medical Research Archives, 6(1).

Maremmani, A. G., Maiello, M., Carbone, M. G., Pallucchini, A., Brizzi, F., Belcari, I., … & Maremmani, I. (2018). Towards a psychopathology specific to Substance Use Disorder: Should emotional responses to life events be included?. Comprehensive psychiatry, 80, 132-139.

Olney, S. (2018). Should Love Conquer Evidence in Policy‐Making? Challenges in Implementing Random Drug‐Testing of Welfare Recipients in Australia. Australian Journal of Public Administration, 77(1), 114-119.

Rossen, I., Pettigrew, S., Jongenelis, M., Stafford, J., Wakefield, M., and Chikritzhs, T. (2017). Evidence on the nature and extent of alcohol promotion and the consequences for young people’s alcohol consumption. Report prepared for the Mental Health Commission by the WA Cancer Prevention Research Unit, Curtin University School of Psychology and Speech Pathology, Perth, Western Australia.

Wiktorsson, S., Rydberg Sterner, T., Mellqvist Fässberg, M., Skoog, I., Ingeborg Berg, A., Duberstein, P., … & Waern, M. (2018). Few Sex Differences in Hospitalized Suicide Attempters Aged 70 and Above. International journal of environmental research and public health, 15(1), 141.

Open access online journal

NADA Advocate: published 4 times a years raises issues in the NSW non-government AOD sector

Open access textbooks

Lawrence, R.J. (2016). Professional Social Work in Australia

Useful resources

Language does it matter?

Produced by NADA and intended for the AOD sector, this resource provides best practice guidelines on the use of language to empower clients.

Inroads program:

Researchers from UNSW and Macquarie University developed the inroads program for young adults with concerns about their anxiety and drinking.

Over five online modules, the program will help the participant develop new skills to encourage them to think about their use of alcohol and overcome anxiety. They will be encouraged to set goals and stick to their choices. The modules are completed weekly and they will also receive phone/ email support from an experienced psychologist (copied from Inroads website)

Drug and Alcohol Research Connections Newsletter:

A joint publication of the collaborative network of alcohol and other drug research centres; National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre (NDARC) at UNSW; National Drug Research Institute (NDRI) at Curtin University; and National Centre for Education and Training on Addiction (NCETA) at Flinders University

NIDA Notes:

A monthly newsletter about drug abuse research. Articles this month include:

Long term marijuana use is associated with health problems in later life

Stressful experiences affect likelihood of remission of drug dependence, continued drug use and relapse

Substance use disorders are associated with major medical illnesses and mortality risk in a large integrated health care system

e-Book of the month

Karter, E. (2013). Women and Problem Gambling : Therapeutic Insights Into Understanding Addiction and Treatment. New York: Routledge.

Addiction is much misunderstood. Women and addictive gambling even more so, and for many years women have suffered in silence. This book explores how lonely, troubled lives and damaging relationships lead to the trap of problem gambling, the anxiety and chaos whilst locked inside, and then offers realistic hope of a way out. With the significant increase in women gambling problematically, Women and Problem Gambling aims to answer the often asked question who is to blame. The text covers: the role of the gambling industry the role of society women’s relationships with others and themselves what hitting rock bottom truly is. Case studies illustrate how gambling begins as harmless escapism and how stressful and sometimes painful lives, combined with spiralling debts, lead to desperation to avoid thoughts, feelings and the reality of life in chaos. Women can, and do, stop gambling, and the author shares anecdotes from patients, and discusses therapeutic models and practical strategies to demonstrate how this is possible. Women and Problem Gambling is based on the author’s research and theories developed throughout her extensive practice. The insights will be of value to anyone wanting to understand or work with problem gambling in women; from a woman with a problem herself, thorough to family, friends and any healthcare professionals or therapists involved in her care and treatment. (Description from EBSCO)

Free to download for all HOA staff from the library catalogue on work computers

Attend – informal learning sessions, journal club, seminar series

Insight Queensland

Free training sessions at Biala Community Health Centre in Brisbane, unless otherwise specified including:

More information and to register here

Online induction modules are a prerequisite to some of the courses. To access and download them visit http://www.insightqld.org/

 

LGBTIQ+ inclusive practice training for the AOD sector

Attend – conferences 

MyPHN Conference 2018

1-2 September, Mackay Entertainment and Convention Centre

Hosted by North Queensland Primary Health Network, this conference will bring together professionals from many streams to discuss ways to work together to improve services and outcomes

Registration $200-225

The Walk on the Wild Side (WOWS) Symposium is a one day annual convention held for people working in the AOD sector

11 May 2018, Royal Brisbane and Women’s Hospital.

Registration: $100-150

Write – presentations and papers

MyPHN Conference

Research findings and innovative new ideas which can inform policy, directly influence practice, inspire future research, health reform and add to the Primary Health Care (PHC) evidence base. As a contribution to fostering this impact, the Call for Abstracts asks authors to consider the contribution their work makes to policy, practice and/or research.

You can submit an abstract for the following:

• 15 minute concurrent poster presentation (10 minute presentation/5 minute Q&A)

• 20 minute concurrent plenary session

The Program Committee invites authors to submit abstracts for presentation within the program of MyPHN 2018. Submissions are sought for oral and poster presentations and can be made via the Abstract Submission Portal.

All abstracts must follow the abstract template and be submitted online by 14 June 2018. Please note that the closing date for abstract submissions will not be extended. (copied from MyPHN)

Listen – podcasts, webinars

Managing the physical health of people with co-occurring mental and substance use disorders

Insight webinars:

All at 10:00 AEST

Insight presentation recordings available now on YouTube

Assessed learning – short courses, certificates, diplomas, bachelors, post-grad

Electronic tools for use in the continuum of care for patients with addictions

This is a self-paced online course (registration with IRETA required but is free) about the use of technology throughout the continuum of care for patients with addiction. The five sections will introduce you to five different electronic tools that can be used in prevention, treatment, and aftercare.

Through this training, discover new ways to screen for drug and alcohol use, learn how technology can support cognitive behavioural therapy, and become familiar with other relevant substance use research. (copied from IRETA website)

National comorbidity guidelines free online training and website

The training program consists of 10 training modules that can be completed in any order. Registrants can choose which modules to engage in based on interest and experience. Those wishing to receive a certificate of completion must complete all modules (in any order) and successfully complete all quizzes.

At the end of each module, registrants will be presented with a quiz. All questions must be answered correctly before the module is completed, but there is no limit to how many times the quiz can be taken. Incorrect answers will refer participants to relevant sections of the Guidelines website.

At the completion of all modules, training participants will receive a certificate of completion


Leave a comment

April PD

You can add to the professional development post by commenting below or emailing the library.

Online resources

Webpage

Queensland Government  – Drug use: help and treatment

Read – professional reading

Available from the library database

  • Heward-Belle, S., Laing, L., Humphreys, C., & Toivonen, C. (2018). Intervening with Children Living with Domestic Violence: Is the System Safe?. Australian Social Work, 1-13.
  • Jiang, M. Y., & Vartanian, L. R. (2018). A review of existing measures of attentional biases in body image and eating disorders research. Australian Journal Of Psychology, 70(1), 3-17.
  • Kaplan, L. M., Greenfield, T. K., & Karriker‐Jaffe, K. J. (2017). Examination of associations between early life victimisation and alcohol’s harm from others. Drug and Alcohol Review.
  • Massey, S. H., Newmark, R. L., & Wakschlag, L. S. (2017). Explicating the role of empathic processes in substance use disorders: a conceptual framework and research agenda. Drug and Alcohol Review.
  • Pennay, A., McNair, R., Hughes, T. L., Leonard, W., Brown, R., & Lubman, D. I. (2018). Improving alcohol and mental health treatment for lesbian, bisexual and queer women: Identity matters. Australian And New Zealand Journal Of Public Health, 42(1), 35-42.

Open Access Articles

Open access online journal

Journal of Eating Disorders

A peer-reviewed open access journal exploring eating disorders

Open access textbooks

College open  textbooks: psychology

Useful resources

Australian College of Community Services Facebook page

ACCS is a not-for-profit Registered Training Organisation and national provider of professional development across various industries.

e-Book of the month

Howard, A., Katrak, M., Blakemore, T., & Pallas, P. (2016). Rural, Regional and Remote Social Work : Practice Research From Australia. London: Routledge.

This book gives voice to the direct practice experience of social workers working in rural and remote contexts using Australia as the primary case-study. The authors undertake a qualitative research project, conducting in-depth interviews to examine social work theory and practice against the reality of rural and remote contexts. Practice examples provide the reader with an insight into the diverse and complex nature of social work in rural and remote Australia and the role of contemporary social work. Through placing rural and remote social work in its historical, theoretical and geographical contexts, this work explores a range of considerations. These include isolation; ethical dilemmas when working with small and closely linked communities; climate, disaster relief and the environment; community identity and culture; working with indigenous communities in remote contexts; and social work education. Based on direct practice research, this book challenges existing theories of practice and reframes those to reflect the reality of practice in rural and remote communities. As social work must continue to critically reflect on its role within an ever changing and individualistic society, lessons from rural and remote settings around engagement, sense of place and skillful, innovative practice have never been more relevant. (abstract from EBSCO)

Free to download for all HOA staff from the library catalogue on work computers

Attend – informal learning sessions, journal club, seminar series

Insight Queensland

Free training sessions at Biala Community Health Centre in Brisbane, unless otherwise specified including:

  • April 6, 8:30-16:00 at Townsville: AOD Clinical assessment
  • April 17, 9:00-13:00: Crystal clear- responding to methamphetamine use
  • April 17, 9:00-16:30 at Bundaberg: AOD crash course- one day introduction to AOD
  • April 18, 9:00-16:30 at Bundaberg: Family inclusive practice in AOD treatment
  • April 24, 9:30-11:30: The problem gambling severity index- a screen for problem gambling in AOD and mental health populations
  • April 17, 9:00-16:30: Sensory approaches for AOD practice
  • April 26, 9:00-16:30 at the Gold Coast: AOD crash course- one day introduction to AOD

To register and for more details go their website

Online induction modules are a prerequisite to some of the courses. To access and download them visit www.insightqld.org

Attend – conferences 

Health in difference is Australia’s premier conference on the health and wellbeing of lesbian, gay, bisexual, trans, intersex, queer and sexuality, gender, and bodily diverse people and communities throughout Australia. Held at Sydney on 11-13 April costing from $345-780 for the full conference. Program details available and include mental health issues effecting the population. Register here

Write – presentations and papers

Get your work published in the Australian Journal of Psychology. Author guidelines are available here

 Listen – podcasts, webinars

Insight webinar: Overview of the ADIS service, April 18, 10:00-11:00

The Alcohol and Drug Information Service (ADIS) has operated for over 30 years as Queensland’s 24/7 hotline for anyone experiencing issues with alcohol or other drugs and their families. This presentation outlines service directions and insights from the ADIS dataset including over 540,000 calls across 14 years of data collection.

Presented by Dr Hollie Wilson – Allied Health Manager, Alcohol and Drug Information Service

Access at www.insight.qld.edu.au and enter participant code: 52365378

Insight presentation recordings available now on YouTube

Positive Choices drug and alcohol information webinars including:

Drug and alcohol and the maturing adolescent brain

How do mental health and substance use disorders affect young people?

 Assessed learning – short courses, certificates, diplomas, bachelors, post-grad

The Absurd Word: Creative Writing for Self-Supervision

Date: 24th April 2018, 9:30-16:30, $220 before 24/03/2018 and then $240

Venue: Lighthouse Resources Upstairs Training Room, Kyabra Street RUNCORN, QLD. 4113

This workshop uses creative writing to explore the challenges and successes in your practice. You will experience Five writing exercises that support self-awareness, critical reflection and potential lightbulb moments.  You may also unearth parts of yourself you had forgotten, not been aware of or had underestimated their impact on your practice.

Register here

My Heart Art: Image Making for Self-Supervision

Date: 30th April 2018, 9:30-16:30, $230 before 30/03/2018 and then $250

Venue: Lighthouse Resources Upstairs Training Room, Kyabra Street RUNCORN, QLD. 4113

This workshop uses painting, drawing and collage to explore the emotions of working in the human services field. You will experience art based exercises that support you to be aware of the emotions of your clients and of yourself, highlighting transference, countertransference and the dynamics of your working alliance. These exercises can be used for your own continued Self-Supervision and in your work with community members.

Register here


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Annotated bibliography: Consumer participation in treatment programs

Becan, J. E., Knight, D. K., Crawley, R. D., Joe, G. W., & Flynn, P. M. (2015). Effectiveness of the Treatment Readiness and Induction Program for increasing adolescent motivation for change. Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment, 50(1), 38-49.

The aim of this study was to assess the effectiveness of the Treatment Readiness and Induction Program (TRIP) for treating for motivating adolescents involved in treatment programs. Motivation is a crucial factor in the success of treatment for substance abuse and includes problem recognition, a desire to seek help and a readiness to change. The authors stated that interventions that facilitate this are particularly important for adolescents. The data was collected from 519 adolescents from six residential programs. They completed assessments at treatment intake and again 35 days after admission. The study included a control sample (n = 281) that had commenced treatment prior to the implementation of TRIP, which were compared against clients who received standard treatment enhanced by TRIP (n = 238). Motivational levels were conceptualised utilising statistical tools, which allowed for variables such as gender and drug use severity. The adolescents using TRIP demonstrated greater levels of gains in problem recognition and TRIP was linked indirectly with gains in the desire to seek help and readiness for treatment. Limitations include that the study was confined to those in residential care and were still in treatment 35 days after admission.

Durbeej, N., Palmstierna, T., Berman, A. H., Kristiansson, M., & Gumpert, C. H. (2014). Offenders with mental health problems and problematic substance use: Affective psychopathic personality traits as potential barriers to participation in substance abuse interventions. Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment, 46(5), 574-583.

Treatment for substance abuse may reduce recidivism in offenders as substance abuse has been linked to re-offending. Participation in substance abuse treatment programs by offenders may be associated with severity of substance use and social problems, violence risk and psychopathic personality traits. This study examined the relationships between these characteristics and participation in substance abuse programs in Swedish offenders with comorbid mental illness and problematic substance abuse. The data was collected by interviews on three occasions: at the beginning of the study, shortly before release and at the end of the treatment period (mean time = 20.8 months) and standard assessment tools were used including the Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT). The data was collected from 134 offenders who voluntarily participated in the study. It indicated that problem severity predicted participation in intervention but that affective psychopathic personality traits were negatively associated with intervention participation. It concluded that psychopathic personality traits should be considered when planning interventions and that cognitive behavioral therapy and dialectical behavioral therapy may be more applicable for these offenders. One of the limitations of the study is that it utilised an observational study design so was reliant on observed associations between variables, which may result in researcher bias.

Garrett, S. B., Doyle, S. R., Peavy, K. M., Wells, E. A., Owens, M. D., Shores-Wilson, K., & … Donovan, D. M. (2018). Age differences in outcomes among patients in the “Stimulant Abuser Groups to Engage in 12-Step” (STAGE-12) intervention. Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment, 84(1), 21-29.

Young adults (aged 18-29 years) have the potential to benefit from participating in twelve-step programs, but their uptake in these programs is relatively low. The aim of this study was to examine if age did effect attendance at twelve-step interventions and how it affected substance use. Data was obtained using a multi-site randomised controlled trial with assessments performed at baseline, mid-treatment (week 4), end-of-treatment (8 weeks) and at 3 and 6 months post treatment. The participants were all diagnosed with stimulant abuse or dependence utilising DSM IV (n = 450) and were enrolled in ten intensive outpatients substance use treatment programs in the USA. The study found that younger age was associated with improved treatment outcomes and that abstinence was greater in those who had participated in 12-step programs as opposed to treatment as usual (TAU). Conversely, for those who did not remain abstinent during treatment, younger age was associated with greater rates of stimulant use at follow up for those in 12-step as opposed to those in TAU. There were greater rates of participation in activities in young adults in 12-step programs than those in TAU programs. Users of non-stimulant drugs exhibited no differences in age by treatment interactions, but younger users were less likely to be abstinent at follow-up regardless of the treatment they had received. The study recommends ongoing assessment of the consumer’s readiness to change to guide the focus of treatment and that age appropriate treatment may benefit clinical outcome. Data collected was self-reported and was identified as a limitation of the study.

Hatch-Maillette, M., Wells, E. A., Doyle, S. R., Brigham, G. S., Daley, D., DiCenzo, J., & … Perl, H. I. (2016). Predictors of 12-Step Attendance and Participation for Individuals with Stimulant Use Disorders. Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment, 68(1), 74-82.

The authors of this study identified a gap in the research examining the effectiveness of 12-step peer recovery programs for drug use. They conducted a multi-site randomised clinical trial of 12-step facilitation on individuals with cocaine or methamphetamine use disorders (n =471) attending in one of ten settings. Participants were randomly assigned to 12-step with TAU or TAU alone for an eight week intervention. They were then assessed at 4 week and 8 weeks into treatment and again at 3 and 6 months after treatment commencement. Four outcome variables were examined:

  1. To what extent do treatment-seeking stimulant users choose 12-step interventions
  2. Do the factors, which predict 12-step participation in people with alcohol use disorders, apply in stimulant users?
  3. Which baseline “12-step readiness” factors predict program attendance and participation?
  4. Does choice of stimulant predict participation and attendance in 12-step programs?

The study found that attendance, speaking, allocated duties and peer were unrelated to demographics and substance use history or severity. Cocaine users were more likely to attend follow up meetings at 1, 3 and 6 months than methamphetamine users, as were those who perceived the groups as being beneficial to their recovery. Consumers who had attended the program prior to the study were also more likely to attend follow up sessions and participate in self-help activities, whereas those who perceived barriers to 12-step groups prior to the study were less likely to participate in these. Those who participated in self-help activities were more likely to volunteer for group duties. It concluded that continuity, prior attendance and active involvement with the 12-step programs were the main predictors for future program involvement and participation. The study was limited in that it only studied participants in a select set of treatment programs

Ibabe, I., Stein, J. A., Nyamathi, A., & Bentler, P. M. (2014). Predictors of substance abuse treatment participation among homeless adults. Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment, 46(3), 374-381.

This study examines the relationships among a history of trauma, a history of substance abuse, chronic homelessness and emotional distress in predicting participation in drug treatment programs, as enrolment and retention of clients in these programs is difficult, particularly among homeless people. Structural equation modelling was used, which indicated an association between chronic homelessness, trauma history and substance use history. This association significantly predicted recent emotional distress in the 853 participants, who were all homeless adults living in Los Angeles. Those with recent emotional distress were less likely to participate in substance abuse treatment, both formal and self-help. However, those with only a history of substance use were more likely to participate in treatment. It recommends providers focusing on dual-diagnosis interventions in order to encourage engagement and participation amongst this client group. They also cite the success of outreach services in establishing an initial contact with treatment services for this group as a method of reducing barriers to treatment seeking, including distrust. The authors state the over reliance on self-reporting is a limitation in this research.

Jaffe, A., Du, J., Huang, D., & Hser, Y. (2012). Drug-abusing offenders with comorbid mental disorders: Problem severity, treatment participation, and recidivism. Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment, 43(2), 244-250.

The aim of this study was to examine problem severity, treatment participation and recidivism in 1016 drug-abusing offenders who had a co-existing mental disorder. The participants were first assessed utilising the Addiction Severity Index (ASI) and their mental health diagnoses, treatment program participation and arrest records were obtained. The severity of their mental health disorder was then classified as mild or severe based on their specific diagnoses. Ordinal logistic regression was then used to examine predictors of recidivism separately for those with mild or severe mental health disorders. It was indicated that previous arrests, education level and treatment participation are predictors of recidivism generally. However, gender, age, primary drug, ASI score and treatment method are differentially important depending on the severity of the offender’s mental illness. The report recommends intervention strategies focusing on dual-diagnosis among offenders, to take into consideration the severity of their mental illness in order to increase their effectiveness and reduce recidivism. The data obtained is mainly self-reported which is identified as a limitation of the study.

Knight, D. K., Joe, G. W., Crawley, R. D., Becan, J. E., Dansereau, D. F., & Flynn, P. M. (2016). The Effectiveness of the Treatment Readiness and Induction Program (TRIP) for Improving During-Treatment Outcomes. Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment, 62(1), 20-27.

Engagement in treatment is an important factor in its success and this is consistently predicted by motivation. As problem recognition is an important aspect of motivation, it is essential to target efforts to improve this to achieve sustained recovery following treatment. This study aimed to compare the effectiveness of Standard Operating Practice (SOP) against SOP plus 8 sessions of TRIP on cognitive indicators and engagement in treatment for young people in 5 residential substance abuse treatment centres. The original sample consisted of 1228 adolescents (SPO = 749, TRIP = 479), which had reduced to 729 (SPO = 445, TRIP = 274) at the end of the study. Data was collected using the Texas Christian University Adolescent Screening and Assessment Package on admission (Time 1) and 30-45 days into treatment (Time 2), which was usually at the completion of the program. The study found that adolescents who received TRIP demonstrated higher problem recognition, decision-making and treatment engagement than those who received SOP only. This was true even when controlling for background factors such as demography and drug use severity. A limitation of this study was that only youths who completed the treatment were included in the final analysis.

McKay, J. R., Van Horn, D., Rennert, L., Drapkin, M., Ivey, M., & Koppenhaver, J. (2013). Factors in sustained recovery from cocaine dependence. Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment, 45(2), 163-172.

This study aimed to establish factors that predicted abstinence from cocaine use and shifts from use to abstinence over a 24-month period. The participants (n = 268) were recruited from three centres which provided intensive outpatient programs. The data was collected over 24-months and the participants were assessed within 2 weeks of admission and then at 3-monthly periods thereafter using a variety of screening tools. It identified that both abstinence from cocaine and transitioning into abstinence at the next follow-up were associated with older age, less education and lower severity of alcohol and cocaine use at baseline. Additional factors contributing to abstinence and transition to abstinence were higher self-efficacy, readiness to change, better social networks, lower depression and lower severity of co-existing problems. A limitation of the research was that it was correlational, so it is not conclusive if the variables resulted in the changes in cocaine use or if it was the changes in the predictors (e.g. raising self-esteem) that caused the reduction in cocaine use

Timko, C., Below, M., Schultz, N. R., Brief, D., & Cucciare, M. A. (2015). Patient and Program Factors that Bridge the Detoxification-Treatment Gap: A Structured Evidence Review. Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment, 52(1), 31-39.
Completion of detoxification and transitioning to substance use disorder (SUD) treatment and/or mutual self-help groups (MSHG) predict improved consumer outcomes. However, many consumers do not complete detoxification or receive SUD treatment afterwards. The authors conducted a structured evidence review on 26 articles to ascertain consumer, program and other factors associated with the successful completion of detoxification and transitioning to SUD treatment and/or MSHG. They found wide variations in the studies, between 45-95% of consumers completed detoxification and 14-92% transitioned to SUD treatment and/or MSHG. Family support and motivational-based approaches both contributed to completion of detoxification and transition to SUD care and/or MSHG. They suggest targeting these approaches at young people, who are less likely to complete detoxification and that barriers to detoxification and the subsequent transition to SUD care and/or MSHG can be overcome to improve consumer outcomes. The authors of this study relied on one database (PubMed) to collect their data, which is a major limitation of the study.

Zemore, S. E., & Ajzen, I. (2014). Predicting substance abuse treatment completion using a new scale based on the theory of planned behavior. Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment, 46(2), 174-182.

This study evaluated whether a 9-item scale based on the theory of planned behaviour (TPB) predicted the completion of substance abuse treatment. TPB is a general, social cognitive model of behaviour that has been useful in modelling a range of public health behaviours and can be applied to predicting treatment completion for SUDs. The data was collected from clients (n = 200) at a public outpatient program. The participants had all initiated treatment and baseline data was collected using surveys, which included attitudes towards treatment and perceived control and intention. The participants status on discharge was then collected using program records. TPB attitude and control components independently predicted intention and intention was positively related to treatment outcomes. TPB components were frequently related to readiness and were predictive of increased levels of coercion. Results indicate that the use of TPB improves treatment completion. A limitation of the study is the sample size and that the data was obtained from a single treatment program.


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March PD

You can add to the professional development post by commenting below or emailing the library.

Online resources

Webpage

National Rural Health Alliance:  This site provides access to resources such as factsheets to support rural health

Read – professional reading

Available from the library database

Hyder, S., Coomber, K., Pennay, A., Droste, N., Curtis, A., Mayshak, R., & … Miller, P. G. (2018). Correlates of verbal and physical aggression among patrons of licensed venues in Australia. Drug And Alcohol Review, 37(1), 6-13.

Skerrett, D. M., Gibson, M., Darwin, L., Lewis, S., Rallah, R., & De Leo, D. (2018). Closing the Gap in Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Youth Suicide: A Social–Emotional Wellbeing Service Innovation Project. Australian Psychologist, 53(1), 13-22.

Tomyn, A. J., & Weinberg, M. K. (2018). Resilience and Subjective Wellbeing: A Psychometric Evaluation in Young Australian Adults. Australian Psychologist, 53(1), 68-76.

Vo, H. T., Burgower, R., Rozenberg, I., & Fishman, M. (2018). Home-based delivery of XR-NTX in youth with opioid addiction. Journal Of Substance Abuse Treatment, 85(1), 84-89.

Yuke, K., Ford, P., Foley, W., Mutch, A., Fitzgerald, L., & Gartner, C. (2018). Australian urban Indigenous smokers’ perspectives on nicotine products and tobacco harm reduction. Drug And Alcohol Review, 37(1), 87-96.

Open Access Articles

Open access online journal

World Psychiatry: the official journal of the World Psychiatric Association

Open access textbook

Pradhan, B., Pinninti, N., & Rathod, S. (2015). Brief Interventions for Psychosis.

This book offers a clinical guide that brings together a broad range of brief interventions and their applications in treating psychosis. It describes two core approaches that can narrow the current, substantial gap between the need for psychotherapeutic interventions for all individuals suffering from psychosis, and the limited mental health resources available.The first approach involves utilizing the standard therapeutic modalities in the context of routine clinical interactions after adapting them into brief and effective formats. To that end, the book brings in experts on various psychotherapeutic modalities, who discuss how their particular modality could be adapted to more effectively fit into the existing system of care delivery.The second approach, addressed in detail, is to extend the availability of these brief interventions by utilizing the circle of providers as well as the social circle of the clients so that these interventions can be provided in a coordinated and complementary manner by psychiatrists, psychologists, clinical social workers, case managers, peer support specialists and other providers on the one hand, and by family members, friends, social and religious institutions on the other.

(Book Abstract)

e-Book of the month

Fall, K. A., & Howard, S. (2017). Alternatives to Domestic Violence : A Homework Manual for Battering Intervention Groups. New York, NY: Routledge.

This is an interactive treatment workbook designed for use with a wide variety of accepted curricula for domestic violence intervention programs. This new edition adds and revises the exercises and stories in every chapter, covering important topics such as respect and accountability, maintaining positive relationships, good communication, parenting, substance abuse, digital abuse, and sexuality. Chapters on parenting, substance abuse, and religion have also been heavily revised based on current literature and group member feedback. The chapters provide a comprehensive collection of vital topics, including topics rarely addressed in other curricula, and exercises help the group members learn new strategies for leading a life of cooperation and shared power. Continuing the tradition of past editions, this edition not only focuses on the content of a good BIPP curriculum, but it also stresses the group process elements that form the backbone of any quality approach.

(copied from EBSCO database)

Free to download for all HOA staff from the library catalogue on work computers

Attend – informal learning sessions, journal club, seminar series

Insight Queensland

Free training sessions at Biala Community Health Centre in Brisbane, unless otherwise specified including:

March 1-2: Cullturally secure AOD practice- featruring IRIS

March 2: Understanding psychoactive drugs (Townsville)

March 13: AOD crash course

March 15: Understanding psychoactive drugs

March 15: The problem gambling severity index (PGSI)

March 23: AOD clinical assessment

March 26: Young people and drugs

March 29: Harm reduction 101

More details and registration here

Online induction modules are a prerequisite to some of the courses. To access and download them visit www.insightqld.org

Turning Point seminars are online on their YouTube channel including:

Pathways out of addiction: the role of social groups and identity

Youth, moral panics and chemical cultures: a series of 4 short videos

Journal club TBA and will be on SKYPE

Attend – conferences 

QCOSS State Conference, May 16-17 at Brisbane: Movement for change. Cost $330-792 before March 16. Register here

  • Explore the current landscape in which we live and work, uncover the big issues and identify the stories that are dividing our community.
  • Develop an understanding of the evidence base for change and the current state of play from which we can move forward.
  • Explore reforms currently underway. Challenge your beliefs and attitudes and understand how these shape our actions and influence reform directions.
  • Hear from communities who have taken action, told a different story and have had success. How did they do it? What have they learned? Is this something we can all affect?
  • Learn from opinion leaders from different backgrounds and sectors who will discuss their experiences and how we can change how we think and tell our stories for the betterment of everyone.
  • Leave with an appetite and a recipe for action to take us closer to our desired future.

(QCOSS)

Listen – podcasts, webinars

Insight Qld

Free webinars on Wednesdays 10:00-11:00 (AEST).

  • March 7: AOD ‘our way’
  • March 14: Alcohol meets dementia- sorting through the maze
  • March 21: Codeine rescheduling: All you need to know but were too afraid to ask!
  • March 28: Treatment within corrections

Access at www.insight.qld.edu.au and enter participant code: 52365378

More details here

Australian and Indigenous Alcohol and Other Drugs Knowledge Centre have a selection of webinars including:

Harnessing good intentions: addressing harmful AOD use among Aboriginal Australians

A practical guide to community-based approaches for reducing alcohol harm

Assessed learning – short courses, certificates, diplomas, bachelors, post-grad

The art of CBT: Skillfully appying the manuals to common clinical problems: One day workshop:

Adelaide 18 May; Brisbane 1 June: see link for other major cities. Costs $110-455 depending on status. Register here

4 Day Intensive CBT Masterclass for AOD Professionals

Where: Melbourne,  17-20 April 2018, $990-1390

This course has been developed especially for alcohol and other drug professionals who want to build and strengthen the core CBT clinical skills that are the foundation for all best practice CBT protocols from traditional CBT to newer cognitive therapy models like the mindfulness-based therapies.

  • Get back to basics and understand exactly what makes CBT tick
  • Learn the why not just the how so you can apply core skills to any CBT type
  • Unlock the art and science of your practice to take it to the next level

Our unique interactive self-practice approach means you will really experience CBT from the inside, creating a deep understanding of how it works. Cognitive behaviour therapy is an umbrella term that includes a number of solution oriented therapies focusing on self-reflection, problem solving and learning skills that can be applied across situations:

  • Cognitive Therapy
  • Relapse Prevention
  • Mindfulness Based Cognitive Therapy
  • Acceptance and Commitment Therapy
  • Dialectical Behaviour Therapy
  • Compassion Focused Therapy

Find out how to use the core skills of CBT to drive change whatever model you use. Our focus is understanding and experiencing the drivers of change in CBT that underlie all CBT models. Book here

 

 

 

 www.insight.qld.edu.auwww.insight.qld.edu.au


Leave a comment

February PD

You can add to the professional development post by commenting below or emailing the library.

Online resources

Read – professional reading

Available from the library database

  • Chen, J. A., Owens, M. D., Browne, K. C., & Williams, E. C. (2018). Alcohol-related and mental health care for patients with unhealthy alcohol use and posttraumatic stress disorder in a National Veterans Affairs cohort. Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment, 85, 1-9.
  • Cunningham, M., Stapinski, L., Griffiths, S., & Baillie, A. (2017). Dysmorphic Appearance Concern and Hazardous Alcohol Use in University Students: The Mediating Role of Alcohol Expectancies. Australian Psychologist, 52 (6), 424-432.
  • Gair, S., & Baglow, L. (2017). Australian Social Work Students Balancing Study, Work, and Field Placement: Seeing it Like it Is. Australian Social Work, 1-12.
  • Powers, J. R., Loxton, D., Anderson, A. E., Dobson, A. J., Mishra, G. D., Hockey, R., & Brown, W. J. (2018). Changes in smoking, drinking, overweight and physical inactivity in young Australian women 1996–2013. Health Promotion Journal of Australia, 28(3), 255-259.
  • Thompson, K., & van Vliet, P. (2018). Critical Reflection on the Ethics of Mindfulness. Australian Social Work, 71(1), 120-128.
Open Access Articles

 

Open access online journal

Addictive behaviours

Open access textbook

Lester, D. (2014). The” I” of the Storm: Understanding the Suicidal Mind. Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG.

Useful resources

Harm Reduction Australia, Opioid Treatment Programs 2017 Forum Reports: Queensland; NSW; Victoria

Hepatitis SA Library for resources and information on hepatitis

Open access resources for health sciences from Curtin University

e-Book of the month

Bhatia, S. C., Petty, F., & Gabel, T. (2017). Substance and Nonsubstance Related Addiction Disorder: Diagnosis and Treatment. [S.l.]: Bentham Science Publishers Ltd.

An accessible handbook about the two main types of addiction disorders. It is divided into three sections which cover 1) the scientific underpinnings of addiction disorders (neurobiology, addiction neural reward pathways, genetic and psychosocial basis of addiction, screening and treatment), 2) information about substances commonly used by addicts (pharmacology, diagnostics and treatment considerations) and 3) current understandings of the diagnosis and treatment of behavioral problems (such as gambling), respectively. Key features: covers both substance abuse and behavioral problems uses a reader friendly format with a patient education handout style includes key learning points listed in each chapter -includes clinical vignettes which outline brief history, evaluation, diagnostic considerations with successful pharmacological, psychological and social interventions -includes references in each chapter disorders. (copied from the EBSCO database)

Free to download for all HOA staff from the library catalogue on work computers

National comorbidity guidelines free online training and website

The training program consists of 10 training modules that can be completed in any order. Registrants can choose which modules to engage in based on interest and experience. Those wishing to receive a certificate of completion must complete all modules (in any order) and successfully complete all quizzes.

At the end of each module, registrants will be presented with a quiz. All questions must be answered correctly before the module is completed, but there is no limit to how many times the quiz can be taken. Incorrect answers will refer participants to relevant sections of the Guidelines website.

At the completion of all modules, training participants will receive a certificate of completion.

Journal club TBA

Attend – conferences 

Australia and New Zealand Addiction Conference, 28-30 May 2018 at QT Gold Coast

This conference will cover a range of topics including  prevention, treatment, systematic responses, behaviours, mental health and harm reduction in relation to all types of addiction.  The program will include emerging trends and the various addictive habits of alcohol and other drugs, gambling, internet, sex, gaming,  food, shopping, pyromania, kleptomania.

Cost from $500-1000. Register here

Write – presentations and papers

Are you thinking of getting your work published in an academic journal? Read these tips of what not to do from a large publisher.

Call for abstract submissions for the Australia and New Zealand Addiction Conference. It can be in the form of a 3o minute presentation, a poster presentation or a panel presentation on one of the conference topics. Closing date 05/02/2018. More details are available here.

Listen – podcasts, webinars

NueRA talks:  a series of free online seminars which bring information on neuroscience research. Examples include:

  • Living loving schizophrenia
  • The neuroscience of resilience to stress

Insight presentation recordings available now on YouTube

Assessed learning – short courses, certificates, diplomas, bachelors, post-grad

Strengths based practice: This workshop will provide participants with the chance to practice strength based skills:

Date: 22/02/2018, 09:00-16:30

Location:      Lighthouse Resources Upstairs Training Room Kyabra Street RUNCORN, QLD. 4113

Cost: $240. Register here

Lighthouse Resources run a number of other workshops

 


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Annotated bibliography: Telephone counselling

Bassilios, B., Pirkis, J., King, K., Fletcher, J., Blashki, G., & Burgess, P. (2014). Evaluation of an Australian primary care telephone cognitive behavioural therapy pilot. Australian Journal of Primary Health, 20(1), 62.

This paper discusses a telephone-based cognitive behavioural therapy pilot project which was trialed from July 2008 to June 2010, using an Australian Government-funded primary mental health care program. Uptake, sociodemographic and clinical profile of consumers, precise nature of services delivered, and consumer outcome were all assessed using a web-based minimum datasets. Project officers and mental health professionals were interviewed to obtain details about the implementation of the pilot. In total, 548 general practitioners referred 908 consumers, who received 6607 sessions (33% via telephone) by 180 mental health professionals. Clients were mostly females with an average age of 37 years and had a diagnosis of depressive and/or anxiety disorders. Both telephone and face-to-face sessions of 60 minutes in length were run, delivering behavioural and cognitive therapy, often at no cost to clients. Several issues were identified by project officers and mental health professionals, during implementation. Face-to-face treatment is usually preferred by providers and clients, but having the option of telephone counselling is valued, especially for clients who would not otherwise access psychological services. Evidence from the positive client outcomes supports the practice of offering a choice of face-to-face or telephone counseling or a combination of the two. A limitation of this study was the absence of a non-treatment control group.

Best, D., Hall, K., Guthrie, A., Abbatangelo, M., Hunter, B., & Lubman, D. (2015). Development and implementation of a structured intervention for alcohol use disorders for telephone helpline services. Alcoholism Treatment Quarterly, 33(1), 118.

This article details a pilot study of a six-session intervention for harmful alcohol use via a 24-hour alcohol and other drug (AOD) helpline. It aimed to evaluate the viability of telephone-delivered intervention for AOD treatment. The intervention included practice features from motivational interviewing, cognitive behavioural therapy, and node-link mapping. It was evaluated using a case file audit (n=30) and a structured telephone interview a month after the final session (n=22). Psychological distress in the participants was significantly reduced and average scores on the Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT) dropped by more than 50%. The results indicate that telephone intervention offers effective and efficient treatment for individuals with alcohol use disorders who are unable or unwilling to access face-to-face treatment.

Constant, H. M. R. M., Figueiró, L. R., Tatay, C. M., Signor, L., & Fernandes, S. (2016). Alcohol User Profile after a Brief Motivational Intervention in Telephone Follow-up: Evidence Based on Coping Strategies. Journal of Alcoholism and Drug Dependence, 4 (254), 2.

The benefits of intervention in alcohol abuse varies among individuals in particular with relapse. This research studied alcohol cessation in 120 people over a 6 month period and evaluated the effect of brief motivational interviewing. The study surveyed 120 participants over the phone using the Coping Behaviours Inventory as a measure. The study included a control group of 50 participants who did not receive any intervention. Almost all those who received telephone counselling had quit drinking alcohol at the 6 month period, whereas most of those in the control group did not stop drinking alcohol. The study suggests this may be due to motivation to change and social support. A longer term study was recommended.

Gates, P. (2015). The effectiveness of helplines for the treatment of alcohol and illicit substance use. Journal of Telemedicine and Telecare, 21(1), 18.

While tobacco helplines or quitlines are thought to be effective, there is limited evidence on the effectiveness of helplines which treat other substance use. This study reviewed literature on illicit drug or alcohol (IDA) helplines to address this gap. Five databases were searched for literature published in English, which involved the use of a telephone counselling helpline for the treatment of illicit drug or alcohol use. The author excluded review papers, opinion pieces, letters or editorials, case studies, published abstracts and posters. The initial search identified 2178 articles which were reduced to 36 articles after removing duplicates and those meeting the exclusion criteria. Descriptive information was provided in 29 articles about 19 different IDA helplines internationally. Call rates in these services varied from 3.7 to over 23,000 calls per month. Evaluative information was found in nine articles covering eight different IDA helplines, four articles described an evaluation of treatment outcomes against a control group and five articles contained details on treatment satisfaction or service utilisation. The study indicates that there is evidence that these services are effective. The studies in the review had poor consistency in their measures with few using randomized control groups. Limitations included that the articles were not evaluated by two independent researchers and the authors of the articles were not contacted for further information.

Haregu, T. N., Chimeddamba, O., & Islam, M. R. (2015). Effectiveness of Telephone-Based Therapy in the Management of Depression: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. SM Journal of Depression Research and Treatment, 1(2), 1006.

This review was conducted as a gap was identified in systematic reviews identifying the effectiveness of telephone-based therapy for the treatment of depression. A total of nine papers were identified as meeting the selection criteria and were reviewed by the authors. It concluded that telephone counselling delivered by experienced and trained therapists is effective in treating depression and it suggested it is more effective than face-to-face but further studies are recommended.

Heinemans, N., Toftgård, M., Damström-Thakker, K., & Galanti, M. R. (2014). An evaluation of long-term changes in alcohol use and alcohol problems among clients of the Swedish National Alcohol Helpline. Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy, 9(1), 22.

This study evaluated alcohol reduction and AUDIT scores in participants utilising a standalone telephone counselling service in the form of an alcohol hotline, employing trained counsellors. The data was collected by telephone survey from 191 participants at the first call and 12 months later. Change in AUDIT score was used as the primary outcome and the number of counselling sessions defined the exposure intensity. Most participants reduced their alcohol intake and AUDIT score in the year of the study and 50% reported better mental health. These figures were supported by other studies. They also cited a study which indicated that telephone counselling sessions with one face-to-face consultation had significantly better outcomes than face-to-face consultations alone.

Le Gresley, H., Darling, C., & Reddy, P. (2013). New South Wales rural and remote communities’ perception of mental health telephone support services. In 12th National Rural Health Conference, http://nrha. org. au/12nrhc/wpcontent/uploads/2013/06/Le-Gresley-Helen_ppr. pdf.

This study examined perceived barriers to telephone counseling in rural communities. The data was collected using surveys and there were 213 participants. Most of the participants felt it was a cost-cutting option which was not as effective as face-to-face counselling. Cost of accessing the services using a mobile phone was also quoted as being a barrier, as was being placed on hold or not getting through and having to repeat their story to different therapists. Poor marketing of the different services led to confusion on which was the best service to access.

Tse, S., Campbell, L., Rossen, F., Wang, C. W., Jull, A., Yan, E., & Jackson, A. (2013). Face-to-face and telephone counseling for problem gambling: A pragmatic multisite randomized study. Research on Social Work Practice, 23(1), 57.

This was a randomised study which aimed to compare the effectiveness of telephone and face-to-face counselling in treating problematic gambling. Psychological interventions were provided to 92 participants either by telephone or face-to-face over a 3 month period. Data was collected using surveys and questionnaires and significant changes were found over time in hours and money spent gambling and gambling beliefs. The study indicated that both face-to face and telephone counselling were equally effective in reducing problematic gambling. Limitations included the lack of a control group and the high rate of attrition of the participants, with only 27 completing the program.

Van Horn, D. H. A., Drapkin, M., Lynch, K. G., Rennert, L., Goodman, J. D., Thomas, T., … McKay, J. R. (2015). Treatment choices and subsequent attendance by substance-dependent patients who disengage from intensive outpatient treatment. Addiction Research and Theory, 23(5), 391.

This study examined continual engagement rates in alternative treatment options in patients who had previously disengaged from intensive outpatient programs (IOP). Alternatives included return to IOP, individual psychotherapy, telephone counselling, medication management and no treatment. Of the 96 people contacted 6 chose telephone counselling and there were no differences seen in engagement with any of the treatment options. The limitations included the very small sample size and that participants were contacted by a researcher with whom they had had no previous engagement and asked to select a treatment option.